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Planetary Satellite Ephemerides

The following table lists the current JPL planetary satellite ephemeris used for each planetary satellite. These ephemerides are used by Horizons to provide high-precision ephemerides for the planetary satellites.

Satellites of
Planet Satellite Code Ephemeris Ref.
Mars Phobos 401 MAR097 10
Mars Deimos 402 MAR097 10
Jupiter Io 501 JUP365 23
Jupiter Europa 502 JUP365 23
Jupiter Ganymede 503 JUP365 23
Jupiter Callisto 504 JUP365 23
Jupiter Amalthea 505 JUP365 23
Jupiter Thebe 514 JUP365 23
Jupiter Adrastea 515 JUP365 23
Jupiter Metis 516 JUP365 23
Jupiter Himalia 506 JUP344 21
Jupiter Elara 507 JUP344 21
Jupiter Pasiphae 508 JUP344 21
Jupiter Sinope 509 JUP344 21
Jupiter Lysithea 510 JUP344 21
Jupiter Carme 511 JUP344 21
Jupiter Ananke 512 JUP344 21
Jupiter Leda 513 JUP344 21
Jupiter Callirrhoe 517 JUP344 21
Jupiter Themisto 518 JUP344 21
Jupiter Magaclite 519 JUP344 21
Jupiter Taygete 520 JUP344 21
Jupiter Chaldene 521 JUP344 21
Jupiter Harpalyke 522 JUP344 21
Jupiter Kalyke 523 JUP344 21
Jupiter Iocaste 524 JUP344 21
Jupiter Erinome 525 JUP344 21
Jupiter Isonoe 526 JUP344 21
Jupiter Praxidike 527 JUP344 21
Jupiter Autonoe 528 JUP344 21
Jupiter Thyone 529 JUP344 21
Jupiter Hermippe 530 JUP344 21
Jupiter Aitne 531 JUP344 21
Jupiter Eurydome 532 JUP344 21
Jupiter Euanthe 533 JUP344 21
Jupiter Euporie 534 JUP344 21
Jupiter Orthosie 535 JUP344 21
Jupiter Sponde 536 JUP344 21
Jupiter Kale 537 JUP344 21
Jupiter Pasithee 538 JUP344 21
Jupiter Hegemone 539 JUP344 21
Jupiter Mneme 540 JUP344 21
Jupiter Aoede 541 JUP344 21
Jupiter Thelxinoe 542 JUP344 21
Jupiter Arche 543 JUP344 21
Jupiter Kallichore 544 JUP344 21
Jupiter Helike 545 JUP344 21
Jupiter Carpo 546 JUP344 21
Jupiter Eukelade 547 JUP344 21
Jupiter Cyllene 548 JUP344 21
Jupiter Kore 549 JUP344 21
Jupiter Herse 550 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2010_J_1 551 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2010_J_2 552 JUP344 21
Jupiter Dia 553 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2016_J_1 554 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2003_J_18 555 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2011_J_2 556 JUP344 21
Jupiter Eirene 557 JUP344 21
Jupiter Philophrosyne 558 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2017_J_1 559 JUP344 21
Jupiter Eupheme 560 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2003_J_19 561 JUP344 21
Jupiter Valetudo 562 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2017_J_2 563 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2017_J_3 564 JUP344 21
Jupiter Pandia 565 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2017_J_5 566 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2017_J_6 567 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2017_J_7 568 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2017_J_8 569 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2017_J_9 570 JUP344 21
Jupiter Ersa 571 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2011_J_1 572 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2003_J_2 55501 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2003_J_4 55502 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2003_J_9 55503 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2003_J_10 55504 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2003_J_12 55505 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2003_J_16 55506 JUP344 21
Jupiter S_2003_J_23 55507 JUP344 21
Saturn Mimas 601 SAT427 17
Saturn Enceladus 602 SAT427 17
Saturn Tethys 603 SAT427 17
Saturn Dione 604 SAT427 17
Saturn Rhea 605 SAT427 17
Saturn Titan 606 SAT427 17
Saturn Hyperion 607 SAT427 17
Saturn Iapetus 608 SAT427 17
Saturn Methone 632 SAT427 17
Saturn Helene 612 SAT427 17
Saturn Telesto 613 SAT427 17
Saturn Calypso 614 SAT427 17
Saturn Polydeuces 634 SAT427 17
Saturn Phoebe 609 SAT427 17
Saturn Janus 610 SAT415 13
Saturn Epimetheus 611 SAT415 13
Saturn Atlas 615 SAT415 13
Saturn Prometheus 616 SAT415 13
Saturn Pandora 617 SAT415 13
Saturn Pan 618 SAT415 13
Saturn Pallene 633 SAT415 13
Saturn Anthe 649 SAT415 13
Saturn Aegaeon 653 SAT415 13
Saturn Daphnis 635 SAT415 13
Saturn Ymir 619 SAT368 8
Saturn Paaliaq 620 SAT368 8
Saturn Tarvos 621 SAT368 8
Saturn Ijiraq 622 SAT368 8
Saturn Suttungr 623 SAT368 8
Saturn Kiviuq 624 SAT368 8
Saturn Mundilfari 625 SAT368 8
Saturn Albiorix 626 SAT368 8
Saturn Skadi 627 SAT368 8
Saturn Erriapus 628 SAT368 8
Saturn Siarnaq 629 SAT368 8
Saturn Thrymr 630 SAT368 8
Saturn Narvi 631 SAT368 8
Saturn Aegir 636 SAT368 8
Saturn Bebhionn 637 SAT368 8
Saturn Bergelmir 638 SAT368 8
Saturn Bestla 639 SAT368 8
Saturn Farbauti 640 SAT368 8
Saturn Fenrir 641 SAT368 8
Saturn Fornjot 642 SAT368 8
Saturn Hati 643 SAT368 8
Saturn Hyrrokkin 644 SAT368 8
Saturn Kari 645 SAT368 8
Saturn Loge 646 SAT368 8
Saturn Skoll 647 SAT368 8
Saturn Surtur 648 SAT368 8
Saturn Jarnsaxa 650 SAT368 8
Saturn Greip 651 SAT368 8
Saturn Tarqeq 652 SAT368 8
Saturn S_2004_S_7 65085 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_12 65086 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_13 65087 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_17 65088 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_20 654 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_21 65079 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_22 655 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_23 656 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_24 65070 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_25 657 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_26 658 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_27 659 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_28 65077 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_29 660 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_30 661 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_31 65067 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_32 662 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_33 663 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_34 664 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_35 665 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_36 65081 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_37 65082 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_38 666 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2004_S_39 65084 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2006_S_01 65089 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2006_S_03 65090 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2007_S_02 65091 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2007_S_03 65092 SAT450 27
Saturn S_2019_S_01 65093 SAT450 27
Uranus Ariel 701 URA111 9
Uranus Umbriel 702 URA111 9
Uranus Titania 703 URA111 9
Uranus Oberon 704 URA111 9
Uranus Miranda 705 URA111 9
Uranus Cordelia 706 URA115 14
Uranus Ophelia 707 URA115 14
Uranus Bianca 708 URA115 14
Uranus Cressida 709 URA115 14
Uranus Desdemona 710 URA115 14
Uranus Juliet 711 URA115 14
Uranus Portia 712 URA115 14
Uranus Rosalind 713 URA115 14
Uranus Belinda 714 URA115 14
Uranus Puck 715 URA111 14
Uranus Perdita 725 URA115 14
Uranus Mab 726 URA115 14
Uranus Cupid 727 URA115 14
Uranus Caliban 716 URA116 26
Uranus Sycorax 717 URA116 26
Uranus Prospero 718 URA116 26
Uranus Setebos 719 URA116 26
Uranus Stephano 720 URA116 26
Uranus Trinculo 721 URA116 26
Uranus Ferdinand 722 URA116 26
Uranus Francisco 723 URA116 26
Uranus Margaret 724 URA116 26
Neptune Triton 801 NEP097 20
Neptune Nereid 802 NEP097 20
Neptune Naiad 803 NEP097 20
Neptune Thalassa 804 NEP097 20
Neptune Despina 805 NEP097 20
Neptune Galatea 806 NEP097 20
Neptune Larissa 807 NEP097 20
Neptune Proteus 808 NEP097 20
Neptune Hippocamp 814 NEP097 20
Neptune Halimede 809 NEP100 22
Neptune Psamathe 810 NEP100 22
Neptune Sao 811 NEP100 22
Neptune Laomedeia 812 NEP100 22
Neptune Neso 813 NEP100 22
Pluto Charon 901 PLU043 11
Pluto Nix 902 PLU043 11
Pluto Hydra 903 PLU043 11
Pluto Kerberos 904 PLU043 11
Pluto Styx 905 PLU043 11

References

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  2. J. K. Campbell, J. D. Anderson (1989) "Gravity Field of the Saturnian System from Pioneer and Voyager Tracking Data". AJ 97:1485-1495.
  3. M. Brozović, R. A. Jacobson (2009) "The Orbits of the Outer Uranian Satellites". AJ 137:3834-3842.
  4. R. A. Jacobson (2009) "The Orbits of the Neptunian Satellites and the Orientation of the Pole of Neptune". AJ 137:4322-4329.
  5. M. Brozović, R. A. Jacobson, S. S. Sheppard (2011) "The Orbits of the Outer Neptunian Satellites". AJ 141:135.
  6. R. Jacobson, M. Brozović, B. Gladman, M. Alexandersen, P. D. Nicholson, Veillet (2012) "Irregular satellites of the outer planets: orbital uncertainties and astrometric recoveries in 2009--2011". AJ 144:132.
  7. R. A. Jacobson (2014) "Update of the irregular Uranian satellite orbits with data through 2013 — URA112". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.
  8. R. A. Jacobson (2014) "Update of Saturnian irregulars with Earthbased data through early 2014 and all Cassini imaging through 2013 — SAT368". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.
  9. R. A. Jacobson (2014) "The Orbits of the Uranian Satellites and Rings, the Gravity Field of the Uranian System, and the Orientation of the Pole of Uranus". AJ 148:76-88.
  10. R. A. Jacobson, V. Lainey (2014) "Martian Satellite Orbits and Ephemerides". Planet. Space Sci. 102:35-44.
  11. M. Brozović, M. R. Showalter, R. A. Jacobson, M. W. Buie (2015) "The orbits and masses of satellites of Pluto". Icarus 246:317-329.
  12. M. Brozović, R. A. Jacobson (2017) "The Orbits of Jupiter's Irregular Satellites". AJ 153:147.
  13. R. A. Jacobson (2018) "Rock ephemeris file from fit to all Cassini data — SAT415". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.
  14. M. Brozović, R. A. Jacobson (2019) "The Orbits of the inner satellites of Uranus: solution URA115". Interoffice Memo. 392R-19-007 (internal document).
  15. R. A. Jacobson, M. Brozovic, M. Showalter, A. Verbiscer, M. Buie, P. Helfenstein (2019) "The Orbits and Masses of Pluto's Satellites". In Pluto System After New Horizons 2133:7031.
  16. R. A. Jacobson (2019) "Ephemerides of the unnamed Saturnian irregulars including the 20 newly discovered ones — SAT428". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.
  17. R. A. Jacobson (2020) "Ephemerides for the final comprehensive Cassini reconstruction — SAT427". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.
  18. Marina Brozović, Mark R. Showalter, Robert A. Jacobson, Robert S. French, Jack J. Lissauer, Imke de Pater (2020) "Orbits and resonances of the regular moons of Neptune". Icarus 338:113462.
  19. R. A. Jacobson (2020) "The Orbits of the Regular Jovian Satellites, the Trajectories of Spacecraft at Jupiter, the Gravity Field of the Jovian System, and the Orientation of the Pole of Jupiter". Interoffice Memo. 392R-20-006 (internal document).
  20. M. Brozović (2020) "Update of the inner Neptunian satellite orbits — NEP097". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.
  21. M. Brozović (2021) "Outer jovians with astrometry up to Nov 2020 — JUP344". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.
  22. M. Brozović (2021) "Update of the inner Neptunian satellite orbits — NEP100". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.
  23. R. A. Jacobson (2021) "The Orbits of the Regular Jovian Satellites and the Orientation of the Pole of Jupiter". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.
  24. D. Durante, M. Parisi, D. Serra, M. Zannoni, V. Notaro, P. Racioppa, D. R. Buccino, G. Lari, L. Gomez Casajus, L. Iess, W. M. Folkner, G. Tommei, P. Tortora, S. J. Bolton (2020) "Jupiter's Gravity Field Halfway Through the Juno Mission". Geophys. Res. Lett. 47:e86572.
  25. M. Brozović (2021) "Update of Pluto's satellite orbits — PLU058". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.
  26. M. Brozović, R. A. Jacobson (2021) "Ephemeris update ura116 for the irregular satellites of Uranus". Interoffice Memo. 392R-21-009 (internal document).
  27. R. A. Jacobson (2021) "Ephemerides of the unnamed Saturnian irregulars including the newly discovered S/2019~S1 — SAT450". personal communication to Horizons/NAIF.