Skip Page Navigation
NASA JPL Caltech
NASA Logo - Jet Propulsion Laboratory + View the NASA Portal
+ Center for Near-Earth Object Studies
JPL Home Earth Solar System Stars & Galaxies Technology
JPL Solar System Dynamics
BODIES ORBITS EPHEMERIDES TOOLS PHYSICAL DATA DISCOVERY FAQ SITE MAP
JPL Small-Body Database Browser
Search: [ help ]  
85 Io (A865 SA)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2000085
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459396.5 (2021-Jul-01.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 109 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1943172256472603 2.0661e-08  
a 2.652101553675611 4.2382e-09 au
q 2.136752537630577 5.6135e-08 au
i 11.96157106547224 6.7513e-07 deg
node 203.0615723405699 1.2722e-06 deg
peri 122.7930943214809 6.5196e-06 deg
M 42.56290122868726 7.8127e-06 deg
tp 2459209.985597087427
(2020-Dec-26.48559709)
3.4008e-05 TDB
period 1577.551884627423
4.32
3.7815e-06
1.035e-08
d
yr
n .2282016861112766 5.4701e-10 deg/d
Q 3.167450569720644 5.0617e-09 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3046  
   data-arc span      56896 days (155.77 yr)  
   first obs. used      1865-09-21  
   last obs. used      2021-07-01  
   planetary ephem.      DE441  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB441-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .46182  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2021-Jul-09 09:16:06  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.15252 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 2.33632 au 
 T_jup = 3.332 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 7.75   n/a E2021B10 IRAS observations used: 8
diameter diameter 154.79 km 3.8 IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0 IRAS observations used: 8
rotation period rot_per 6.875 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2020-October); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[Yang, X.-y.; Zhang, Y.-y.; Li, X.-q. (1965) Acta Astron. Sin. 13, 66-74.]
[Lagerkvist, C.-I.; Schober, H.J. (1981) Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 44, 401-404.]
[Erikson, A.; Berthier, J.; Denchev, P.V.; Harris, A.W.; et al. (1999) Planet. Space Sci. 47, 327-330.]
[Torppa, J.; Kaasalainen, M.; Michalowski, T.; Kwiatkowski, T.; et al. (2003) Icarus 164, 346-383.]
[Behrend, R. (2005) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Behrend, R. (2006) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Behrend, R. (2011) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Durech, J.; Kaasalainen, M.; Herald, D.; Dunham, D.; et al. (2011) Icarus 214, 652-670.]
[Hanus, J.; Marchis, F.; Durech, J. (2013) Icarus 226, 1045-1057.]
[Behrend, R. (2016) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Hanus, J.; Viikinkoski, M.; Marchis, F.; Durech, J.; et al (2017) Astron. Astrophys. 601, A114.]
[Carbognani, A.; Cellino, A.; Caminiti, S. (2019) Planet. Space Sci. 169, 15-34.]
[Pal, A.; Szakats, R.; Kiss, C.; Bodi, A.; et al. (2019) Ap. J. Supl. Ser. 247, id.26.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.0666   0.003 IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0 IRAS observations used: 8
B-V BV 0.668   0.023 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=8; phase (min.=6.05, mean=11.20, max.=19.29) deg.
U-B UB 0.294   0.015 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=7; phase (min.=6.05, mean=10.95, max.=19.29) deg.
Tholen spectral type spec_T FC   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 used 7 color indices; used ground-based radiometric albedo
SMASSII spectral type spec_B B   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 based on a high-resolution spectrum by Xu et al. (1995) or Bus and Binzel (2002)

85 Io (A865 SA)          Discovered 1865-Sep-19 by Peters, C. H. F. at Clinton
Reference: DISCOVERY.DBLast Updated: 2003-08-29

Alternate Designations
 A865 SA = A899 LA = A899 UA 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]
ABOUT SSD CREDITS/AWARDS PRIVACY/COPYRIGHT GLOSSARY LINKS
FirstGov 2021-Jul-25 17:31 UT
(server date/time)  
NASA Home Page
Site Manager:   Ryan S. Park
Webmaster  Alan B. Chamberlin