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49 Pales (A857 SB)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2000049
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459000.5 (2020-May-31.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 83 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .221379007123909 3.4913e-08  
a 3.097694333292211 7.5052e-09 au
q 2.411929837414622 1.0591e-07 au
i 3.201813336548005 3.7566e-06 deg
node 285.0550514607613 7.0247e-05 deg
peri 112.9573014057674 7.0818e-05 deg
M 312.0438800432725 9.4224e-06 deg
tp 2459265.775905657320
(2021-Feb-20.27590566)
5.2495e-05 TDB
period 1991.389756360762
5.45
7.2372e-06
1.981e-08
d
yr
n .1807782724853899 6.5699e-10 deg/d
Q 3.7834588291698 9.1666e-09 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      2873  
   data-arc span      57187 days (156.57 yr)  
   first obs. used      1863-11-20  
   last obs. used      2020-06-16  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .5153  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2020-Jun-23 15:06:22  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.4218 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.66956 au 
 T_jup = 3.182 
[ hide covariance matrix ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2454711.5 (2008-Sep-02.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 83 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .2307730437757372 3.5931e-08  
q 2.378799310874034 1.117e-07 au
tp 2455271.620043330309
(2010-Mar-16.12004333)
4.1531e-05 TDB
node 286.1321222821533 7.1316e-05 deg
peri 109.9205679438481 7.1737e-05 deg
i 3.181157340093514 3.7367e-06 deg
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      2873  
   data-arc span      57187 days (156.57 yr)  
   first obs. used      1863-11-20  
   last obs. used      2020-06-16  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .5153  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2020-Jun-23 15:06:22  

Additional Information
 Jupiter MOID = 1.66956 au 
 T_jup = 3.182 
Orbit Covariance (6×6)
  e q tp node peri i
e 1.291053939889926E-15 -4.008949711781847E-15 9.305429042709056E-14 -2.31991009078803E-15 1.140981530529023E-14 -1.133723436029884E-16
q -4.008949711781847E-15 1.247586927841846E-14 -1.773332347389028E-13 9.801614090963784E-15 -1.581517671332697E-14 4.937255539439816E-16
tp 9.305429042709056E-14 -1.773332347389028E-13 1.724812704993832E-9 3.614511827892642E-12 3.414281750768942E-10 1.624468678693971E-13
node -2.31991009078803E-15 9.801614090963784E-15 3.614511827892642E-12 5.085959957852767E-9 -5.077621331262517E-9 -4.317311656993224E-11
peri 1.140981530529023E-14 -1.581517671332697E-14 3.414281750768942E-10 -5.077621331262517E-9 5.146183644505438E-9 4.308981510197041E-11
i -1.133723436029884E-16 4.937255539439816E-16 1.624468678693971E-13 -4.317311656993224E-11 4.308981510197041E-11 1.396324252958617E-11

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 7.8   n/a MPO302057  
diameter diameter 166.252 km 2.166 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012ApJ...759L...8M)  
rotation period rot_per 20.705 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2019-August); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[Behrend, R. (2016) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Pilcher, F.; Benishek, V.; Klinglesmith III, D.A. (2016) Minor Planet Bull. 43, 182-183.]
[Pilcher, F. (2017) Minor Planet Bull. 44, 249-251.]
[Pilcher, F. (2018) Minor Planet Bull. 45, 356-359.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.048   0.009 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012ApJ...759L...8M)  
B-V BV 0.749   0.045 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=5; phase (min.=2.44, mean=12.29, max.=19.60) deg.
U-B UB 0.411   0.044 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=3; phase (min.=2.44, mean=11.44, max.=19.60) deg.
Tholen spectral type spec_T CG   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 used 7 color indices
SMASSII spectral type spec_B Ch   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 based on a high-resolution spectrum by Xu et al. (1995) or Bus and Binzel (2002)

49 Pales (A857 SB)          Discovered 1857-Sep-19 by Goldschmidt, H. at Paris
Reference: DISCOVERY.DBLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ show close-approach data ]
Alternate Designations
 A857 SB = 1947 FG = 1950 XJ = 1954 MF = 1988 VU7 = A908 AF 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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