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4409 Kissling (1989 MD)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2004409
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459396.5 (2021-Jul-01.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 40 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1017886389911486 3.4375e-08  
a 3.031735720962695 1.547e-08 au
q 2.723139468145054 1.0886e-07 au
i 5.361615236990564 4.0232e-06 deg
node 348.8875242140145 3.7098e-05 deg
peri 336.4845114564852 4.1682e-05 deg
M 323.6440295971933 2.0509e-05 deg
tp 2459591.219156003398
(2022-Jan-11.71915600)
0.00011037 TDB
period 1928.126120264735
5.28
1.4758e-05
4.041e-08
d
yr
n .1867097780670963 1.4291e-09 deg/d
Q 3.340331973780336 1.7045e-08 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      2546  
   data-arc span      20683 days (56.63 yr)  
   first obs. used      1964-11-11  
   last obs. used      2021-06-28  
   planetary ephem.      DE441  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB441-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .44478  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2021-Jul-07 23:09:35  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.71177 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.97792 au 
 T_jup = 3.228 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 12.53   n/a E2021B10  
diameter diameter 12.087 km 0.270 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011ApJ...741...68M)  
geometric albedo albedo 0.144   0.035 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012ApJ...759L...8M)  

4409 Kissling           Discovered 1989 June 30 by A. C. Gilmore and P. M. Kilmartin at Lake Tekapo.
Warwick M. Kissling (b. 1957) is an innovative applied mathematician. His computations have allowed the follow-up and recovery of several new minor planets. Like many New Zealanders, he is fond of clambering around mountains in his spare time.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20000523/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2013-03-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
(days_HH:MM)
Body Nominal Distance (au) Minimum Distance (au) Maximum Distance (au) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
2060-Jul-14 19:42 00:01 Jupiter 1.99836756370575 1.99836722233934 1.99836790507215 3.22607780858614 3.09190290856939 2473655.320685407 1.1175971921392 35.9037267703828 10.5781674879976 -77.0843568272966 4390206.04391935 T 40 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-Jul-07 23:10:13 2021-Jul-07 23:10
2108-Mar-13 08:12 00:02 Jupiter 1.99297108562464 1.99297072063615 1.99297145061323 3.15723119488886 3.01961901300109 2491062.841761709 2.25524859408494 43.5985696836718 10.2861375091602 -78.5814193192542 3981677.58818906 T 40 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-Jul-07 23:10:13 2021-Jul-07 23:10
2155-Nov-10 19:42 00:03 Jupiter 1.99082075523418 1.99082037810194 1.99082113236652 3.11614183705407 2.97647644028092 2508471.320992119 3.38835374638262 53.792398319319 10.131475180252 -80.3595128129311 4035971.83967974 T 40 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-Jul-07 23:10:13 2021-Jul-07 23:10

Alternate Designations
 1989 MD = 1964 VD2 = 1980 XR1 = 1985 VH1 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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