Skip Page Navigation
NASA JPL Caltech
NASA Logo - Jet Propulsion Laboratory + View the NASA Portal
+ Center for Near-Earth Object Studies
JPL Home Earth Solar System Stars & Galaxies Technology
JPL Solar System Dynamics
BODIES ORBITS EPHEMERIDES TOOLS PHYSICAL DATA DISCOVERY FAQ SITE MAP

Significant website upgrade scheduled for September 27. More details available here.

JPL Small-Body Database Browser
Search: [ help ]  
4089 Galbraith (1986 JG)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2004089
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]

[ hide orbit diagram ]

For accurate long-term ephemerides, please instead use our Horizons system.This orbit viewer was implemented using two-body methods, and hence should not be used for determining accurate long-term trajectories (over several years or decades) or planetary encounter circumstances.


Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459396.5 (2021-Jul-01.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 40 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1317305889423245 1.496e-08  
a 2.18580593914661 4.8319e-09 au
q 1.897868435469196 3.3113e-08 au
i 1.143849780752365 6.3331e-07 deg
node 316.594661614966 1.9327e-05 deg
peri 321.4433370876626 1.7677e-05 deg
M 278.916935587633 6.1759e-06 deg
tp 2459662.354173490429
(2022-Mar-23.85417349)
2.056e-05 TDB
period 1180.363657320737
3.23
3.914e-06
1.072e-08
d
yr
n .3049907524407779 1.0113e-09 deg/d
Q 2.473743442824023 5.4684e-09 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3315  
   data-arc span      25523 days (69.88 yr)  
   first obs. used      1951-08-11  
   last obs. used      2021-06-27  
   planetary ephem.      DE441  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB441-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .40765  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2021-Aug-25 10:13:03  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .881395 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 2.62738 au 
 T_jup = 3.665 
[ hide covariance matrix ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2457146.5 (2015-May-04.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 40 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1317764146012594 1.4944e-08  
q 1.897523758457316 3.3069e-08 au
tp 2457301.850497542977
(2015-Oct-06.35049754)
1.9097e-05 TDB
node 316.6747159215046 1.9314e-05 deg
peri 321.4266969253045 1.766e-05 deg
i 1.143993179349301 6.3354e-07 deg
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3315  
   data-arc span      25523 days (69.88 yr)  
   first obs. used      1951-08-11  
   last obs. used      2021-06-27  
   planetary ephem.      DE441  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB441-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .40765  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2021-Aug-25 10:13:03  

Additional Information
 Jupiter MOID = 2.62738 au 
 T_jup = 3.665 
Orbit Covariance (6×6)
  e q tp node peri i
e 2.233297537640574E-16 -4.902355310334261E-16 1.79592090881912E-14 -8.042905452719086E-15 3.385132048471395E-14 6.656296555986763E-16
q -4.902355310334261E-16 1.093548993907071E-15 -3.991229966941189E-14 1.944376450927218E-14 -7.707808186542839E-14 -1.485265730736901E-15
tp 1.79592090881912E-14 -3.991229966941189E-14 3.646833887138404E-10 1.525636757228847E-10 -2.36814278532932E-11 -4.120219211386952E-14
node -8.042905452719086E-15 1.944376450927218E-14 1.525636757228847E-10 3.730369107958586E-10 -3.185585870230579E-10 8.711167439324556E-12
peri 3.385132048471395E-14 -7.707808186542839E-14 -2.36814278532932E-11 -3.185585870230579E-10 3.118771376259181E-10 -8.725418853880169E-12
i 6.656296555986763E-16 -1.485265730736901E-15 -4.120219211386952E-14 8.711167439324556E-12 -8.725418853880169E-12 4.0136690282068E-13

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 13.21   n/a MPCxxxxx  
diameter diameter 5.077 km 0.927 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016AJ....152...63N)  
rotation period rot_per 4.9123 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2020-October); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[Behrend, R. (2008) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Polishook, D.; Brosch, N. (2008) ACM 2008 poster.]
[Waszczak, A.; Chang, C.-K.; Ofeck, E.O.; Laher, F.; et al. (2015) Astron. J. 150, A75.]
[Durech, J.; Hanus, J.; Oszkiewsicz, D.; Vanco, R. (2016) Astron. Astrophys. 587, A48.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.429   0.162 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016AJ....152...63N)  

4089 Galbraith           Discovered 1986 May 2 at Palomar.
Harvard University economist and polemicist John Kenneth Galbraith (1908-2006), renowned for his use of irony and for stressing the human element in the study of economics, rejected "the conventional wisdom" (a term introduced in his 1958 best-seller The Affluent Society) and the idea that economics is a "science".
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20060613/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2008-05-22

Alternate Designations
 1986 JG = 1974 WO = 1976 GH4 = 1977 TR7 = 1982 AM 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]
ABOUT SSD CREDITS/AWARDS PRIVACY/COPYRIGHT GLOSSARY LINKS
FirstGov 2021-Sep-25 01:44 UT
(server date/time)  
NASA Home Page
Site Manager:   Ryan S. Park
Webmaster  Alan B. Chamberlin