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28 Bellona
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2000028
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

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For accurate long-term ephemerides, please instead use our Horizons system.This orbit viewer was implemented using two-body methods, and hence should not be used for determining accurate long-term trajectories (over several years or decades) or planetary encounter circumstances.


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Orbital Elements at Epoch 2458600.5 (2019-Apr-27.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 103 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1518626059249484 3.0499e-08  
a 2.77576592881808 5.089e-09 au
q 2.354230881430082 8.525e-08 au
i 9.429549655027511 3.5912e-06 deg
node 144.2961712678125 1.5995e-05 deg
peri 344.1009056008293 1.8518e-05 deg
M 273.4480671714452 1.0407e-05 deg
tp 2459006.613061787257
(2020-Jun-06.11306179)
4.9281e-05 TDB
period 1689.167387318919
4.62
4.6453e-06
1.272e-08
d
yr
n .2131227507129412 5.861e-10 deg/d
Q 3.197300976206078 5.8618e-09 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      2777  
   data-arc span      59602 days (163.18 yr)  
   first obs. used      1856-09-29  
   last obs. used      2019-12-06  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .54563  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2019-Dec-13 20:35:02  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.37086 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.85813 au 
 T_jup = 3.299 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 7.09   n/a IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0 IRAS observations used: 18
diameter diameter 120.90 km 3.4 IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0 IRAS observations used: 18
rotation period rot_per 15.706 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2019-January); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[Harris, A.W.; Young, J.W. (1983) Icarus 54, 59-109.]
[Behrend, R. (2006) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Behrend, R. (2007) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Warner, B.D. (2007) Minor Planet Bull. 34, 104-107.]
[Behrend, R. (2008) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Durech, J.; Kaasalainen, M.; Warner, B.D.; Fauerbach, M.; et al. (2009) Astron. Astrophys. 493, 291-297.]
[Durech, J.; Kaasalainen, M.; Herald, D.; Dunham, D.; et al. (2011) Icarus 214, 652-670.]
[Hanus, J.; Durech, J.; Broz, M.; Warner, B.D.; et al. (2011) Astron. Astrophys. 530, A134.]
[Pilcher, F. (2011) Minor Planet Bull. 38, 156-158.]
[Behrend, R. (2012) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Hanus, J.; Marchis, F.; Durech, J. (2013) Icarus 226, 1045-1057.]
[Viikinkoski, M.; Hanus, J.; Kaasalainen, M.; Marchis, F.; Durech, J. (2017) Astron. Astrophys. 607, A117.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.1763   0.010 IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0 IRAS observations used: 18
B-V BV 0.845   0.010 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=6; phase (min.=1.74, mean=10.22, max.=22.69) deg.
U-B UB 0.469   0.027 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=3; phase (min.=14.00, mean=17.13, max.=22.69) deg.
Tholen spectral type spec_T S   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 used 7 color indices; used ground-based radiometric albedo
SMASSII spectral type spec_B S   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 based on a high-resolution spectrum by Xu et al. (1995) or Bus and Binzel (2002)

28 Bellona          Discovered 1854-Mar-01 by Luther, R. at Dusseldorf
Reference: DISCOVERY.DBLast Updated: 2003-08-29

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Alternate Designations
 1951 CC2 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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