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216 Kleopatra (A880 GB)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2000216
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459000.5 (2020-May-31.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 120 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .2510698894072565 1.9264e-08  
a 2.792816680532395 5.3564e-09 au
q 2.091624505416385 5.3308e-08 au
i 13.1146133531658 2.5207e-06 deg
node 215.3476020475042 1.271e-05 deg
peri 179.9841279344829 1.3628e-05 deg
M 155.2355613844135 6.9441e-06 deg
tp 2458265.392612525806
(2018-May-26.89261253)
3.1505e-05 TDB
period 1704.755386785241
4.67
4.9043e-06
1.343e-08
d
yr
n .2111739917589429 6.0752e-10 deg/d
Q 3.494008855648404 6.7012e-09 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3467  
   # delay obs. used      1  
   # Doppler obs. used      0  
   data-arc span      51259 days (140.34 yr)  
   first obs. used      1880-04-20  
   last obs. used      2020-08-23  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .39489  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2020-Nov-13 04:32:06  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.09855 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.94117 au 
 T_jup = 3.244 
[ hide covariance matrix ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2453341.5 (2004-Dec-02.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 120 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .2519503487369347 1.9583e-08  
q 2.089206584918829 5.4418e-08 au
tp 2453138.833743916981
(2004-May-13.33374392)
2.4587e-05 TDB
node 215.672347203319 1.2668e-05 deg
peri 179.1003354485845 1.3558e-05 deg
i 13.1355898978061 2.5261e-06 deg
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3467  
   # delay obs. used      1  
   # Doppler obs. used      0  
   data-arc span      51259 days (140.34 yr)  
   first obs. used      1880-04-20  
   last obs. used      2020-08-23  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .39489  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2020-Nov-13 04:32:06  

Additional Information
 Jupiter MOID = 1.94117 au 
 T_jup = 3.244 
Orbit Covariance (6×6)
  e q tp node peri i
e 3.834995725739093E-16 -1.062885656052845E-15 -2.315478121040953E-13 -4.207628741596795E-15 -2.724627255627692E-14 -2.897785237949894E-16
q -1.062885656052845E-15 2.961349000567183E-15 6.704739655239681E-13 1.266859735566499E-14 8.036926086577176E-14 8.890479567904686E-16
tp -2.315478121040953E-13 6.704739655239681E-13 6.045194668216045E-10 -6.168987220306806E-12 1.284669461229901E-10 2.165531114021365E-12
node -4.207628741596795E-15 1.266859735566499E-14 -6.168987220306806E-12 1.604886917120382E-10 -1.574876492678482E-10 -1.500888514923195E-12
peri -2.724627255627692E-14 8.036926086577176E-14 1.284669461229901E-10 -1.574876492678482E-10 1.838219709830883E-10 1.878188167789964E-12
i -2.897785237949894E-16 8.890479567904686E-16 2.165531114021365E-12 -1.500888514923195E-12 1.878188167789964E-12 6.380988830186838E-12

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 7.30   n/a IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0 IRAS observations used: 19
magnitude slope G 0.29   n/a PDS3 (MPC 17258) Fit
diameter diameter 122 km 30 [Shepard, M. K. et al. (2018) Icarus 311, 197-209]  
extent extent 276x94x78 km 15% [Shepard, M. K. et al. (2018) Icarus 311, 197-209]  
rotation period rot_per 5.385 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2019-August); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[Scaltriti, F.; Zappala, V. (1978) Icarus 34, 428-435.]
[Kennedy, H.D.; Tholen, D.J. (1982) Proc. Astron. Soc. Aust. 4, 414-417.]
[Pilcher, F.; Tholen, D.J. (1982) Minor Planet Bull. 9, 13-14.]
[Magnusson, P. (1983) in Asteroids, Comets, Meteors. C.-I. Lagerkvist, H. Rickman, eds. Uppsala, pp. 77-85.]
[Zappala, V.; Di Martino, M.; Scaltriti, F.; Djurasevic, G.; Knezevic, Z. (1983) Icarus 53, 458-464.]
[Magnusson, P. (1986) Icarus 68, 1-39.]
[Lupishko, D.F.; Velichko, F.P. (1987) Kin. Fiz. Neb. Tel 3(1), 57-65; Kinematics and Physics of Celestial Bodies 3(1), 63-71.]
[Weidenschilling, S.J.; Chapman, C.R.; Davis, D.R.; Greenberg, R.; et al. (1987) Icarus 70, 191-245.]
[Drummond, J.D.; Weidenschilling, S.J.; Chapman, C.R.; Davis, D.R. (1988) Icarus 76, 19-77.]
[Magnusson, P. (1990) Icarus 85, 229-240.]
[Drummond, J.D.; Weidenschilling, S.J.; Chapman, C.R.; Davis, D.R. (1991) Icarus 89, 44-64.]
[De Angelis, G. (1995) Planet. Space Sci. 43, 649-682.]
[Fauvaud, S.; Sareyan, J.; Boussuge, J.; Bernhard, P. (2001) Minor Planet Bull. 28, 44-45.]
[Behrend, R. (2002) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Behrend, R. (2003) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Behrend, R. (2004) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Warner, B.D. (2006) Minor Planet Bull. 33, 85-88.]
[Garlitz, J. (2008) http://eoni.com/~garlitzj/Period.htm]
[Alton, K.B. (2009) Minor Planet Bull. 36, 69.]
[Behrend, R. (2010) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Kaasalainen, M.; Viikinkoski, M. (2012) Astron. Astrophys. 543, A97.]
[Shevchenko, V.G.; Velichko, F.P.; Checha, V.A.; Krugly, Y.N. (2014) Minor Planet Bull. 41, 195-198.]
[Behrend, R. (2015) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Behrend, R. (2017) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Hanus, J.; Viikinkoski, M.; Marchis, F.; Durech, J.; et al (2017) Astron. Astrophys. 601, A114.]
[Novak, R.; Alton, K.B. (2018) Minor Planet Bull. 45, 243.]
[Shepard, M.K.; Timerson, B.; Scheeres, D.J.; Benner, L.A.M.; et al. (2018) Icarus 311, 197-209.]
[Alton, K.B. (2019) Minor Planet Bull. 46, 114-117.]
pole direction pole 69, 42   5 degrees [Shepard, M. K. et al. (2018) Icarus 311, 197-209]  
geometric albedo albedo 0.1164   0.004 IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0 IRAS observations used: 19
B-V BV 0.713   0.021 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=22; phase (min.=6.01, mean=15.14, max.=25.13) deg.
U-B UB 0.238   0.009 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=15; phase (min.=8.51, mean=15.63, max.=25.13) deg.
Tholen spectral type spec_T M   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 used 7 color indices; used ground-based radiometric albedo
SMASSII spectral type spec_B Xe   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 based on a high-resolution spectrum by Xu et al. (1995) or Bus and Binzel (2002)

216 Kleopatra (A880 GB)          Discovered 1880-Apr-10 by Palisa, J. at Pola
Reference: DISCOVERY.DBLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ show close-approach data ]
Alternate Designations
 A880 GB = A905 OA = A910 RA 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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