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1323 Tugela (1934 LD)
Classification: Outer Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2001323
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

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For accurate long-term ephemerides, please instead use our Horizons system.This orbit viewer was implemented using two-body methods, and hence should not be used for determining accurate long-term trajectories (over several years or decades) or planetary encounter circumstances.


Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459200.5 (2020-Dec-17.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 46 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1482363465881382 1.5899e-08  
a 3.230765285229458 1.2519e-08 au
q 2.751848442663259 5.0168e-08 au
i 18.77790487814381 4.2609e-07 deg
node 45.21707656088574 1.4923e-06 deg
peri 136.6640019606202 4.3184e-06 deg
M 77.77500443089765 5.1676e-06 deg
tp 2458742.258854221439
(2019-Sep-15.75885422)
2.8791e-05 TDB
period 2121.077506679582
5.81
1.2329e-05
3.375e-08
d
yr
n .1697250566593194 9.8653e-10 deg/d
Q 3.709682127795658 1.4375e-08 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      2874  
   data-arc span      41028 days (112.33 yr)  
   first obs. used      1908-10-27  
   last obs. used      2021-02-24  
   planetary ephem.      DE441  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB441-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .35903  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2021-Apr-12 12:17:25  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.78003 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.35422 au 
 T_jup = 3.086 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 10.00   n/a E2021B10  
diameter diameter 78.295 km 0.511 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014ApJ...791..121M)  
rotation period rot_per 19.50 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2020-October); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[Warner, B.D. (2007) Minor Planet Bull. 34, 72-77.]
[Waszczak, A.; Chang, C.-K.; Ofeck, E.O.; Laher, F.; et al. (2015) Astron. J. 150, A75.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.018   0.004 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012ApJ...759L...8M)  
SMASSII spectral type spec_B Xc   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 based on a high-resolution spectrum by Xu et al. (1995) or Bus and Binzel (2002)

1323 Tugela (1934 LD)          Discovered 1934-May-19 by Jackson, C. at Johannesburg (UO)
Prediscovery observations exist as early as May 8. The May 19 discovery date quoted by some authorities in in error.
Reference: DISCOVERY.DBLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
(days_HH:MM)
Body Nominal Distance (au) Minimum Distance (au) Maximum Distance (au) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
1988-Nov-03 06:28 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.75137981868131 1.75137912666975 1.75138051069775 4.75438371422339 4.6515482831924 2447468.769225986 0.589983499931396 151.185271275604 2.34200072069389 -76.9046272868862 30116050.0984681 T 46 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Apr-12 12:19:03 2021-Apr-12 12:19
2000-Feb-01 18:40 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.42822326373425 1.42822300125379 1.42822352621519 4.63124266208976 4.50136512668553 2451576.277699152 0.300019211693857 45.6406181905992 2.82925829672357 -74.0319911381606 24714240.1930801 T 46 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Apr-12 12:19:03 2021-Apr-12 12:19
2011-Jun-26 05:30 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.35230682040761 1.35230664701557 1.35230699379966 4.52531230622502 4.38471708045939 2455738.729130250 0.116756630549583 14.4700977011426 8.24830335614791 -80.5342710888166 17262067.3285942 T 46 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Apr-12 12:19:03 2021-Apr-12 12:19
2022-Nov-17 15:29 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.49495621045288 1.49495590501388 1.49495651589188 4.36665491026371 4.23491457184209 2459901.145129345 0.220951718745659 15.4917153377773 10.7893266437827 4.02770915702347 17366620.446659 T 46 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Apr-12 12:19:03 2021-Apr-12 12:19
2034-Jan-15 19:41 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.85671551540202 1.85671498871733 1.85671604208786 3.48323007271509 3.34970203206205 2463978.320059841 0.637326312309634 84.1593225240141 10.5508220570906 -68.335183386423 20221655.6174497 T 46 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Apr-12 12:19:03 2021-Apr-12 12:19
2155-Feb-04 13:27 00:01 Jupiter 1.82615248661233 1.82615089708968 1.82615407617214 4.58788721674218 4.48564946037125 2508192.060377057 1.37500618895533 423.021532726639 4.01812282820552 -79.1363161113887 28323395.5253117 T 46 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Apr-12 12:19:03 2021-Apr-12 12:19
2166-Apr-23 00:37 00:01 Jupiter 1.44198387455273 1.44198296367967 1.44198478543178 4.6339005954088 4.50535604442458 2512287.525467627 1.08891301527311 154.844282814894 1.16548599395243 -72.9957475563869 33093641.5683745 T 46 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Apr-12 12:19:03 2021-Apr-12 12:19
2177-Sep-13 04:30 00:01 Jupiter 1.31525210306578 1.31525193560837 1.31525227052325 4.59185953204712 4.44940150174001 2516448.687807037 1.04871822274603 107.440466820101 8.11796701637564 89.3382791112338 17110694.9710502 T 46 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Apr-12 12:19:03 2021-Apr-12 12:19
2189-Feb-12 11:34 00:01 Jupiter 1.41550299759199 1.41550176582858 1.41550422935804 4.51590679631849 4.381396427614 2520618.981702608 1.40882306659884 118.364732351717 13.2059496153578 58.9369665023245 13888214.0517404 T 46 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Apr-12 12:19:03 2021-Apr-12 12:19
2200-May-14 03:11 00:03 Jupiter 1.7601239961056 1.76012135258985 1.76012663962215 4.07098085989721 3.95100333943358 2524726.632923413 2.50857766660252 146.305463258028 23.2094771636099 -16.4773728793683 27571372.2049444 T 46 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Apr-12 12:19:03 2021-Apr-12 12:19

Alternate Designations
 1934 LD = 1974 HR3 = 1974 KM = 1974 KO = A908 UB = A911 HC 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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