Skip Page Navigation
NASA JPL Caltech
NASA Logo - Jet Propulsion Laboratory + View the NASA Portal
+ Center for Near-Earth Object Studies
JPL Home Earth Solar System Stars & Galaxies Technology
JPL Solar System Dynamics
BODIES ORBITS EPHEMERIDES TOOLS PHYSICAL DATA DISCOVERY FAQ SITE MAP
JPL Small-Body Database Browser
Search: [ help ]  
12493 Minkowski (1997 PM1)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2012493
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459200.5 (2020-Dec-17.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 29 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1031809065148831 3.7207e-08  
a 3.153989495968776 1.7337e-08 au
q 2.828558000636298 1.2169e-07 au
i 6.717146671660291 3.7579e-06 deg
node 125.6149100474863 3.3331e-05 deg
peri 12.28826086723892 3.8105e-05 deg
M 243.7039037917221 1.9707e-05 deg
tp 2459861.423854119300
(2022-Oct-08.92385412)
0.00011468 TDB
period 2045.920673526546
5.60
1.687e-05
4.619e-08
d
yr
n .175959901406866 1.4509e-09 deg/d
Q 3.479420991301253 1.9126e-08 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      1894  
   data-arc span      11193 days (30.64 yr)  
   first obs. used      1990-05-25  
   last obs. used      2021-01-15  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .50412  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2021-Feb-24 02:06:12  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.84258 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.54884 au 
 T_jup = 3.188 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 13.34   n/a E2021B10  

12493 Minkowski           Discovered 1997 Aug. 4 by P. G. Comba at Prescott.
Hermann Minkowski (1864-1909) was awarded a prestigious prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences while still a student. He was Einstein's teacher at Zurich and later developed the concept of four-dimensional space-time---the mathematical foundation of the special theory of relativity.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20000124/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2013-03-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
(days_HH:MM)
Body Nominal Distance (au) Minimum Distance (au) Maximum Distance (au) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
1901-May-29 19:06 00:03 Jupiter 1.84388787498381 1.84388623020768 1.84388951975931 2.69843398968102 2.52246122159147 2415534.295665705 3.09948846132828 64.8301842092727 50.7292004309044 -24.0992401063991 1331675.50222667 T 29 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Feb-24 02:06:15 2021-Feb-24 02:06
1976-Mar-25 13:53 00:01 Jupiter 1.89123494508819 1.89123415210973 1.89123573806676 3.20691290485323 3.06407498912088 2442863.078390801 1.24508075290311 57.9900282558566 14.6444086698911 63.6833927338236 2656101.47316774 T 29 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Feb-24 02:06:15 2021-Feb-24 02:06
1986-Oct-07 11:59 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.62707068628714 1.62707018263589 1.62707118993876 2.31328260392032 2.07608137508441 2446710.999552843 0.932565118707045 71.204864642861 12.2502889986423 77.7855556218587 2516896.48475467 T 29 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Feb-24 02:06:15 2021-Feb-24 02:06
1997-May-09 05:49 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.64027627591953 1.64027591988931 1.64027663194965 2.39499475299711 2.16869074845599 2450577.742015987 0.577178629928317 59.4362703624341 13.7152482276933 84.2667376388659 2928357.25437005 T 29 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Feb-24 02:06:15 2021-Feb-24 02:06
2007-Dec-13 03:15 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.9306533292023 1.93065295837038 1.93065370003412 2.95607581912579 2.80373638835208 2454447.635467546 0.305587829358463 49.7441866788291 13.8432931348881 -86.9654491179171 4118504.64120563 T 29 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Feb-24 02:06:15 2021-Feb-24 02:06
2082-Oct-03 02:38 00:02 Jupiter 1.80613573902116 1.80613501906382 1.80613645897923 2.8057846649555 2.63334172697862 2481770.609693328 1.75434816541188 84.4220869202194 9.61808188026243 76.6828418877707 2899948.91158411 T 29 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Feb-24 02:06:15 2021-Feb-24 02:06
2093-Apr-17 16:08 00:02 Jupiter 1.5915613596193 1.59156092079509 1.59156179844451 2.2179082919168 1.96334543159353 2485620.172414656 2.02861343099904 137.562039000921 18.5369403255584 84.4772508374678 2433267.90856666 T 29 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Feb-24 02:06:15 2021-Feb-24 02:06
2103-Nov-20 14:05 00:02 Jupiter 1.69242115856037 1.69242029737056 1.69242201975144 2.51108460768312 2.30316877582242 2489488.086524082 2.31607155726563 107.505967912099 22.383973579959 -76.7465219557425 3170550.32883861 T 29 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Feb-24 02:06:15 2021-Feb-24 02:06
2189-Apr-17 15:47 00:05 Jupiter 1.72829293060724 1.72829118029527 1.72829468092894 2.47127798396276 2.26429479105408 2520683.157725316 4.77361321281177 240.856673472819 5.61982282285113 80.5786953306733 2539236.22078099 T 29 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Feb-24 02:06:15 2021-Feb-24 02:06
2199-Nov-05 02:30 00:05 Jupiter 1.5762380749147 1.57623769281841 1.57623845701109 2.1893607431167 1.92835711080256 2524536.604145314 4.90306590488712 319.769177459022 21.2079255951708 86.6584270030293 2437272.29642801 T 29 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2021-Feb-24 02:06:15 2021-Feb-24 02:06

Alternate Designations
 1997 PM1 = 1991 PW25 = 1997 PP5 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
ABOUT SSD CREDITS/AWARDS PRIVACY/COPYRIGHT GLOSSARY LINKS
FirstGov 2021-Apr-13 02:59 UT
(server date/time)  
NASA Home Page
Site Manager:   Ryan S. Park
Webmaster  Alan B. Chamberlin