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12493 Minkowski (1997 PM1)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2012493
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

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Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459200.5 (2020-Dec-17.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 30 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1031809075420354 3.7174e-08  
a 3.15398949312385 1.7334e-08 au
q 2.828557994845287 1.2159e-07 au
i 6.717146679859273 3.7538e-06 deg
node 125.6149097491289 3.3295e-05 deg
peri 12.28826114294508 3.8068e-05 deg
M 243.703904083637 1.9699e-05 deg
tp 2459861.423851566076
(2022-Oct-08.92385157)
0.00011464 TDB
period 2045.920670758388
5.60
1.6866e-05
4.618e-08
d
yr
n .1759599016449421 1.4506e-09 deg/d
Q 3.479420991402413 1.9123e-08 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      1914  
   data-arc span      11218 days (30.71 yr)  
   first obs. used      1990-05-25  
   last obs. used      2021-02-09  
   planetary ephem.      DE441  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB441-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .50229  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2021-Apr-12 23:23:34  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.84258 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.54884 au 
 T_jup = 3.188 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 13.34   n/a E2021B10  

12493 Minkowski           Discovered 1997 Aug. 4 by P. G. Comba at Prescott.
Hermann Minkowski (1864-1909) was awarded a prestigious prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences while still a student. He was Einstein's teacher at Zurich and later developed the concept of four-dimensional space-time---the mathematical foundation of the special theory of relativity.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20000124/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2013-03-29

[ show close-approach data ]
Alternate Designations
 1997 PM1 = 1991 PW25 = 1997 PP5 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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