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JPL Small-Body Database Browser
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12493 Minkowski (1997 PM1)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2012493
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459000.5 (2020-May-31.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 24 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1029046409936081 3.9557e-08  
a 3.154543764719444 1.851e-08 au
q 2.829926571112364 1.2717e-07 au
i 6.716979095142447 4.4807e-06 deg
node 125.6131312057327 3.6374e-05 deg
peri 12.29590451930115 4.2053e-05 deg
M 208.4874083588201 2.1013e-05 deg
tp 2459861.790165858526
(2022-Oct-09.29016586)
0.00012179 TDB
period 2046.460009365957
5.60
1.8012e-05
4.931e-08
d
yr
n .1759135279225597 1.5483e-09 deg/d
Q 3.479160958326523 2.0415e-08 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      1551  
   data-arc span      10691 days (29.27 yr)  
   first obs. used      1990-05-25  
   last obs. used      2019-09-01  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .52797  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2020-Jan-28 22:49:34  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.84405 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.54972 au 
 T_jup = 3.188 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 13.3   n/a MPO358751  

12493 Minkowski           Discovered 1997 Aug. 4 by P. G. Comba at Prescott.
Hermann Minkowski (1864-1909) was awarded a prestigious prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences while still a student. He was Einstein's teacher at Zurich and later developed the concept of four-dimensional space-time---the mathematical foundation of the special theory of relativity.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20000124/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2013-03-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
(days_HH:MM)
Body Nominal Distance (au) Minimum Distance (au) Maximum Distance (au) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
1901-May-29 19:06 00:03 Jupiter 1.84388790955846 1.84388625700717 1.84388956210911 2.69843454482815 2.5224618188817 2415534.295535384 3.19843520168001 66.3609852455098 54.7855817843514 -30.4634423219212 1326975.52203655 T 24 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Jan-28 22:50:06 2020-Jan-28 22:50
1976-Mar-25 13:53 00:01 Jupiter 1.89123503913253 1.8912342345627 1.89123584370257 3.20691292740765 3.06407501999509 2442863.078349804 1.26832914332504 64.9331081398445 17.166721854376 67.4576373711816 2374142.03418521 T 24 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Jan-28 22:50:06 2020-Jan-28 22:50
1986-Oct-07 11:59 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.62707074744937 1.6270702338459 1.6270712610533 2.31328269290778 2.07608148366494 2446710.999508366 0.944344696134083 75.7036551965586 12.5496885779442 78.4344230682352 2509945.89903111 T 24 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Jan-28 22:50:06 2020-Jan-28 22:50
1997-May-09 05:48 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.6402762298053 1.6402758379376 1.64027662167291 2.3949953003829 2.16869134626757 2450577.741998165 0.579324517666749 60.392914944826 16.6642069103544 84.9171591896627 2536978.98826956 T 24 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Jan-28 22:50:06 2020-Jan-28 22:50
2007-Dec-13 03:15 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.93065325916133 1.93065280954968 1.93065370877287 2.95607605472362 2.80373663107421 2454447.635480623 0.309055306759794 54.1438882826816 16.6324254798733 89.9826358965505 3252154.46848904 T 24 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Jan-28 22:50:06 2020-Jan-28 22:50
2082-Oct-03 02:38 00:02 Jupiter 1.80613592852013 1.80613508912091 1.80613676792026 2.80578503484029 2.63334213977013 2481770.609806867 1.86222379562232 93.5397396326876 11.1496719084158 75.6645058500004 2481923.61505591 T 24 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Jan-28 22:50:06 2020-Jan-28 22:50
2093-Apr-17 16:08 00:02 Jupiter 1.59156142584184 1.59156097700478 1.59156187468017 2.21790843561919 1.9633456052067 2485620.172518929 2.14374713296334 147.744286376223 18.7088896846669 84.5908801650026 2392060.54296591 T 24 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Jan-28 22:50:06 2020-Jan-28 22:50
2103-Nov-20 14:05 00:02 Jupiter 1.69242102002055 1.69242002343625 1.69242201660611 2.51108498654803 2.30316917110091 2489488.086643266 2.44212737342366 110.844620554412 25.1511505392101 -75.4143379407192 2487900.38894777 T 24 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Jan-28 22:50:06 2020-Jan-28 22:50
2189-Apr-17 15:48 00:05 Jupiter 1.72829319091209 1.72829130982028 1.72829507201462 2.47127848568171 2.26429537123542 2520683.157986175 5.00191296710983 254.150193736166 6.60056057409874 80.3366339996582 2324163.84676613 T 24 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Jan-28 22:50:06 2020-Jan-28 22:50
2199-Nov-05 02:30 00:05 Jupiter 1.57623809301146 1.57623768957713 1.57623849644624 2.18936079573478 1.92835717374188 2524536.604387823 5.13252797318092 335.605330648043 21.5253376731198 86.6862500457494 2321168.16881321 T 24 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Jan-28 22:50:06 2020-Jan-28 22:50

Alternate Designations
 1997 PM1 = 1991 PW25 = 1997 PP5 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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