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12493 Minkowski (1997 PM1)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2012493
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

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Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459396.5 (2021-Jul-01.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 31 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1033087090029177 3.7175e-08  
a 3.154137538640034 1.7275e-08 au
q 2.828287661505492 1.2163e-07 au
i 6.717133937746136 3.753e-06 deg
node 125.6145896397813 3.3286e-05 deg
peri 12.24977941273628 3.8046e-05 deg
M 278.246355459242 1.981e-05 deg
tp 2459861.147911320426
(2022-Oct-08.64791132)
0.0001145 TDB
period 2046.064723046807
5.60
1.6809e-05
4.602e-08
d
yr
n .1759475132653291 1.4455e-09 deg/d
Q 3.479987415774576 1.906e-08 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      1917  
   data-arc span      11218 days (30.71 yr)  
   first obs. used      1990-05-25  
   last obs. used      2021-02-09  
   planetary ephem.      DE441  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB441-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .50776  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2021-Jul-08 16:48:22  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.84305 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.548 au 
 T_jup = 3.188 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 13.34   n/a E2021B10  

12493 Minkowski           Discovered 1997 Aug. 4 by P. G. Comba at Prescott.
Hermann Minkowski (1864-1909) was awarded a prestigious prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences while still a student. He was Einstein's teacher at Zurich and later developed the concept of four-dimensional space-time---the mathematical foundation of the special theory of relativity.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20000124/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2013-03-29

[ show close-approach data ]
Alternate Designations
 1997 PM1 = 1991 PW25 = 1997 PP5 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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