Skip Page Navigation
NASA JPL Caltech
NASA Logo - Jet Propulsion Laboratory + View the NASA Portal
+ Center for Near-Earth Object Studies
JPL Home Earth Solar System Stars & Galaxies Technology
JPL Solar System Dynamics
BODIES ORBITS EPHEMERIDES TOOLS PHYSICAL DATA DISCOVERY FAQ SITE MAP
JPL Small-Body Database Browser
Search: [ help ]  
12493 Minkowski (1997 PM1)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2012493
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459200.5 (2020-Dec-17.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 29 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1031809065148831 3.7207e-08  
a 3.153989495968776 1.7337e-08 au
q 2.828558000636298 1.2169e-07 au
i 6.717146671660291 3.7579e-06 deg
node 125.6149100474863 3.3331e-05 deg
peri 12.28826086723892 3.8105e-05 deg
M 243.7039037917221 1.9707e-05 deg
tp 2459861.423854119300
(2022-Oct-08.92385412)
0.00011468 TDB
period 2045.920673526546
5.60
1.687e-05
4.619e-08
d
yr
n .175959901406866 1.4509e-09 deg/d
Q 3.479420991301253 1.9126e-08 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      1894  
   data-arc span      11193 days (30.64 yr)  
   first obs. used      1990-05-25  
   last obs. used      2021-01-15  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .50412  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2021-Feb-24 02:06:12  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.84258 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.54884 au 
 T_jup = 3.188 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 13.34   n/a E2021B10  

12493 Minkowski           Discovered 1997 Aug. 4 by P. G. Comba at Prescott.
Hermann Minkowski (1864-1909) was awarded a prestigious prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences while still a student. He was Einstein's teacher at Zurich and later developed the concept of four-dimensional space-time---the mathematical foundation of the special theory of relativity.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20000124/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2013-03-29

[ show close-approach data ]
Alternate Designations
 1997 PM1 = 1991 PW25 = 1997 PP5 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
ABOUT SSD CREDITS/AWARDS PRIVACY/COPYRIGHT GLOSSARY LINKS
FirstGov 2021-Mar-08 16:42 UT
(server date/time)  
NASA Home Page
Site Manager:   Ryan S. Park
Webmaster  Alan B. Chamberlin