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10416 Kottler (1998 VA32)
Classification: Mars-crossing Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2010416
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

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Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459396.5 (2021-Jul-01.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 24 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .3984388157533066 3.5205e-08  
a 2.242515523261523 8.923e-09 au
q 1.349010293864795 7.9501e-08 au
i 20.29925042929916 5.0026e-06 deg
node 257.5473103948076 1.1406e-05 deg
peri 251.5564529409397 1.2627e-05 deg
M 218.5958808580642 6.1746e-06 deg
tp 2459878.293763342571
(2022-Oct-25.79376334)
2.3025e-05 TDB
period 1226.596197167551
3.36
7.3209e-06
2.004e-08
d
yr
n .2934951215659319 1.7517e-09 deg/d
Q 3.136020752658252 1.2478e-08 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      1147  
   data-arc span      16465 days (45.08 yr)  
   first obs. used      1976-05-29  
   last obs. used      2021-06-27  
   planetary ephem.      DE441  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB441-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .40561  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2021-Jul-09 13:50:20  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .499373 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 2.3295 au 
 T_jup = 3.450 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 14.56   n/a MPCxxxxx  
diameter diameter 3.157 km 0.604 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016AJ....152...63N)  
geometric albedo albedo 0.272   0.111 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016AJ....152...63N)  

10416 Kottler           Discovered 1998 Nov. 14 by the Lincoln Laboratory Near-Earth Asteroid Research Team at Socorro.
MIT Lincoln Laboratory associate director Herbert Kottler (b. 1939) headed the Aerospace Division (1984-1996), provided strong leadership of the Laboratory's space surveillance research (including initiating LINEAR) and led the Independent Readiness Review for the first Hubble Service Mission and the Cassini Mission for NASA.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20020724/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2003-10-02

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Alternate Designations
 1998 VA32 = 1976 KG2 = 1988 XC4 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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