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JPL Small-Body Database Browser
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101955 Bennu (1999 RQ36)
Classification: Apollo [NEO, PHA]          SPK-ID: 2101955
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2455562.5 (2011-Jan-01.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 97 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .2037451084785423 2.2082e-08  
a 1.126391025934071 4.0261e-11 au
q .8968943641658774 2.486e-08 au
i 6.034939533607825 2.8213e-06 deg
node 2.060867329373625 3.9444e-06 deg
peri 66.22306846088361 6.0706e-06 deg
M 101.7039479473255 2.6478e-06 deg
tp 2455439.141945784743
(2010-Aug-30.64194578)
3.2088e-06 TDB
period 436.6487281348487
1.20
2.3411e-08
6.41e-11
d
yr
n .8244613502889271 4.4203e-11 deg/d
Q 1.355887687702265 4.8464e-11 au

Additional Model Parameters
 Parameter Value Uncertainty (1-sigma) 
A2 [EST] -4.614425168815923E-14 2.533E-16
ALN [SET] 1 n/a
AMRAT [SET] 3.07E-6 n/a
NK [SET] 0 n/a
NM [SET] 2.25 n/a
NN [SET] 0 n/a
R0 [SET] 1 n/a
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      518  
   # delay obs. used      22  
   # Doppler obs. used      7  
   data-arc span      6821 days (18.67 yr)  
   first obs. used      1999-09-11  
   last obs. used      2018-05-15  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .27502  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2018-May-19 06:45:18  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .0032228 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 3.87795 au 
 T_jup = 5.525 
 Nongravitational accels. using nonstandard g(r) = (1 au/ r)^2.25 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 20.19   0.06 Hergenrother, C.W. et al. Icarus 226, 663-670 (2013)  
magnitude slope G -0.08   0.02 Hergenrother, C.W. et al. Icarus 226, 663-670 (2013)  
diameter diameter 0.492 km 0.020 Nolan, M.C., et al., Icarus 226, 629-640 (2013)  
extent extent 0.565 x 0.535 x 0.508 km 0.010 x 0.010 x 0.052 Nolan, M.C., et al., Icarus 226, 629-640 (2013)  
GM GM 5.2e-9 km^3/s^2 0.9e-9 Chesley, S.R., et al., Icarus 235, 5-22 (2014)  
bulk density density 1.26 g/cm^3 0.07 Chesley, S.R., et al., Icarus 235, 5-22 (2014)  
rotation period rot_per 4.297 h 0.002 Nolan, M.C., et al., Icarus 226, 629-640 (2013)  
pole direction pole 87/-65   4 Nolan, M.C., et al., Icarus 226, 629-640 (2013)  
geometric albedo albedo 0.046   0.005 Emery, J.P., et al., Icarus 234, 17-35 (2014)  
B-V BV 0.64   0.04 Hergenrother, C.W. et al. Icarus 226, 663-670 (2013)  
U-B UB 0.16   0.05 Hergenrother, C.W. et al. Icarus 226, 663-670 (2013)  
I-R IR -0.33   0.06 Hergenrother, C.W. et al. Icarus 226, 663-670 (2013)  
SMASSII spectral type spec_B B   n/a Clark, B.E., et al., Icarus 216, 462-475 (2011)  

101955 Bennu           Discovered 1999 Sept. 11 by the Lincoln Laboratory Near-Earth Asteroid Research Team at Socorro.
Bennu was an Egyptian mythological figure associated with Osiris, Atum and Ra. This minor planet is the target of the OSIRIS-REx sample return mission. OSIRIS-REx's Touch-and-Go Sampler evokes Bennu's image as a heron. Name suggested by Michael Toler Puzio (b. 2004) via a naming contest for students.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: MPC batch dated 2013-04-25Last Updated: 2013-04-29

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Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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