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44 Nysa (A857 KA)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2000044
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

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Orbit Diagram
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Note: This Java-based orbit viewer will eventually be retired.

Note: Make sure you have Java enabled on your browser to see the applet. This applet is provided as a 3D orbit visualization tool. The applet was implemented using two-body methods, and hence should not be used for determining accurate long-term trajectories (over several years or decades) or planetary encounter circumstances. For accurate long-term ephemerides, please instead use our Horizons system.

Note: If the applet is not working, here are some notes that might help.
Orbit Viewer

Additional Notes: the orbits shown in the applet are color coded. The planets are white lines, and the asteroid/comet is a blue line. The bright white line indicates the portion of the orbit that is above the ecliptic plane, and the darker portion is below the ecliptic plane. Likewise for the asteroid/comet orbit, the light blue indicates the portion above the ecliptic plane, and the dark blue the portion below the ecliptic plane.

Orbit Viewer applet originally written and kindly provided by Osamu Ajiki (AstroArts), and further modified by Ron Baalke (JPL).

Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459000.5 (2020-May-31.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 118 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1479927781139082 3.3129e-08  
a 2.424859144902177 3.7553e-09 au
q 2.065997503513187 8.0077e-08 au
i 3.710079409708328 3.6691e-06 deg
node 131.4947761739853 5.1229e-05 deg
peri 343.8644801000436 5.2423e-05 deg
M 186.5544317562719 1.1988e-05 deg
tp 2459664.990701775346
4.6388e-05 TDB
period 1379.203026409842
n .2610203089077496 6.0636e-10 deg/d
Q 2.783720786291165 4.3111e-09 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      2792  
   data-arc span      57219 days (156.66 yr)  
   first obs. used      1864-03-02  
   last obs. used      2020-10-29  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .56246  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2020-Nov-13 04:34:02  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.08264 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 2.30431 au 
 T_jup = 3.493 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 6.9   n/a MPO492748 IRAS observations used: 18
magnitude slope G 0.46   n/a PDS3 (MPC 17257) Fit
diameter diameter 70.64 km 4.0 IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0 IRAS observations used: 18
rotation period rot_per 6.422 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2019-August); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[Bianchi, E.; Padova, E. (1920) Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 1, 56-65.]
[Padova, E. (1921) Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 2, 82.]
[Groeneveld, I.; Kuiper, G.P. (1954) Astrophys. J. 120, 529-546.]
[Shatzel, A.V. (1954) Astrophys. J. 120, 547-550.]
[Cailliate, C. (1956) Publ. Observ. Lyon 3, fasc. 28.]
[Chang, Y.C.; Chang, C.-s. (1962) Acta Astron. Sin. 10, 101-111.]
[Gehrels, T.; Owings, D. (1962) Astrophys. J. 135, 906-924.]
[Yang, X.-y.; Zhang, Y.-y.; Li, X.-q. (1965) Acta Astron. Sin. 13, 66-74.]
[Zappala, V.; van Houten-Groeneveld, I. (1979) Icarus 40, 289-296.]
[Birch, P.V.; Tedesco, E.F.; Taylor, R.C.; Binzel, R.P.; et al. (1983) Icarus 54, 1-12.]
[Harris, A.W.; Young, J.W. (1983) Icarus 54, 59-109.]
[Magnusson, P. (1983) in Asteroids, Comets, Meteors. C.-I. Lagerkvist, H. Rickman, eds. Uppsala, pp. 77-85.]
[Taylor, R.C.; Tedesco, E.F. (1983) Icarus 54, 13-22.]
[Magnusson, P. (1986) Icarus 68, 1-39.]
[Di Martino, M.; Zappala, V.; De Sanctis, G.; Cacciatori, S. (1987) Icarus 69, 338-353.]
[Lagerkvist, C.-I.; Williams, I.P. (1987) Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 68, 295-315.]
[Lagerkvist, C.I.; Magnusson, P.; Williams, I.P.; Buontempo, M.E.; et al. (1988) Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 73, 395-405.]
[Harris, A.W.; Young, J.W.; Contreiras, L.; Dockweiler, T.; et al. (1989) Icarus 81, 365-374.]
[Lagerkvist, C.I.; Magnusson, P.; Williams, I.P.; Buontempo, M.E.; et al. (1989) Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 78, 519-532.]
[De Angelis, G. (1993) Planet. Space Sci. 41, 285-290.]
[Kaasalainen, M.; Torppa, J.; Piironen, J. (2002) Astron. Astrophys. 383, L19-L22.]
[Behrend, R. (2007) Observatoire de Geneve web site,]
[Rosenbush, V.K.; Shevchenko, V.G.; Kiselev, N.N.; Sergeev, A.V.; et al. (2009) Icarus 201, 655-665.]
[Shevchenko, V.G.; Velichko, F.P.; Checha, V.A.; Krugly, Y.N. (2014) Minor Planet Bull. 41, 195-198.]
[Behrend, R. (2019) Observatoire de Geneve web site,]
geometric albedo albedo 0.482   0.031 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (  
B-V BV 0.703   0.020 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=19; phase (min.=4.95, mean=15.61, max.=27.78) deg.
U-B UB 0.245   0.030 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=18; phase (min.=5.27, mean=17.16, max.=27.78) deg.
Tholen spectral type spec_T E   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 used 7 color indices; used ground-based radiometric albedo
SMASSII spectral type spec_B Xc   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 based on a high-resolution spectrum by Xu et al. (1995) or Bus and Binzel (2002)

44 Nysa (A857 KA)          Discovered 1857-May-27 by Goldschmidt, H. at Paris
Reference: DISCOVERY.DBLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
Body Nominal Distance (au) Minimum Distance (au) Maximum Distance (au) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
2014-Aug-13 11:10 < 00:01 Iris 0.0480144110071121 0.0480139643272001 0.0480148576900505 5.33935599398785 5.33935597156388 2456882.965390078 0.151929832987724 39.8480384027278 18.2180864625335 68.8233052150158 373249.744952209 T 118 CATAB v2.0f-lin.ifort 2020-Nov-13 04:34:11 2020-Nov-13 04:34

Alternate Designations
 A857 KA = 1977 CE 
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