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JPL Small-Body Database Browser
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235 Carolina
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2000235
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

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For accurate long-term ephemerides, please instead use our Horizons system.This orbit viewer was implemented using two-body methods, and hence should not be used for determining accurate long-term trajectories (over several years or decades) or planetary encounter circumstances.


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Orbital Elements at Epoch 2458600.5 (2019-Apr-27.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 57 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .06236386024022576 3.438e-08  
a 2.881353702587277 1.0762e-08 au
q 2.701661362976467 1.0014e-07 au
i 9.032127947536631 4.1314e-06 deg
node 66.01172031905526 2.5815e-05 deg
peri 207.7939175012199 4.3857e-05 deg
M 21.06188601128448 3.5918e-05 deg
tp 2458495.982733075447
(2019-Jan-12.48273308)
0.0001782 TDB
period 1786.459962449695
4.89
1.0009e-05
2.74e-08
d
yr
n .2015158512180411 1.129e-09 deg/d
Q 3.061046042198087 1.1433e-08 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      2841  
   data-arc span      49596 days (135.79 yr)  
   first obs. used      1884-02-13  
   last obs. used      2019-11-28  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .44347  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2019-Dec-03 20:04:01  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.68878 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.99762 au 
 T_jup = 3.273 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 8.9   n/a MPO347512  
diameter diameter 57.517 km 0.185 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014ApJ...791..121M)  
rotation period rot_per 17.610 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2019-January); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[Schroll, A.; Schober, H.J. (1983) Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 53, 77-79.]
[Behrend, R. (2005) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Behrend, R. (2007) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Warner, B.D.; Behrend, R.; Stephens, R.D.; Poncy, R.; et al. (2007) Minor Planet Bull. 34, 100.]
[Behrend, R. (2013) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Behrend, R. (2016) Observatoire de Geneve web site, http://obswww.unige.ch/~behrend/page_cou.html]
[Franco, L.; Marchini, A.; Baj, G.; Scarfi, G.; et al. (2018) Minor Planet Bull. 45, 399-400.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.177   0.034 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012ApJ...759L...8M)  
B-V BV 0.897   0.011 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=3; phase (min.=.72, mean=5.71, max.=8.28) deg.
U-B UB 0.541   0.034 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=2; phase (min.=.72, mean=4.50, max.=8.28) deg.
Tholen spectral type spec_T S   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 used 2 color indices

235 Carolina          Discovered 1883-Nov-28 by Palisa, J. at Vienna
Reference: DISCOVERY.DBLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ show close-approach data ]
Alternate Designations
 1934 GY = 1939 GN = 1956 VK = A909 GJ 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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