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21P/Giacobini-Zinner
Classification: Jupiter-family Comet [NEO]          SPK-ID: 1000032
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
:
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2458062.5 (2017-Nov-05.0) TDB
Reference: JPL K182/13 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .7104663125616585 1.1043e-07  
a 3.500460435587224 1.4938e-07 au
q 1.013501217647592 3.8241e-07 au
i 32.00310320419106 7.8509e-06 deg
node 195.4052529144569 2.4253e-05 deg
peri 172.8087008849619 3.8584e-05 deg
M 313.4577161575798 4.9651e-06 deg
tp 2458371.765429785152
(2018-Sep-10.26542979)
3.176e-05 TDB
period 2392.137762289604
6.55
0.00015312
4.192e-07
d
yr
n .1504930049076398 9.633e-09 deg/d
Q 5.987419653526856 2.555e-07 au

Additional Model Parameters
 Parameter Value Uncertainty (1-sigma) 
A1 [EST] 3.107394081007322E-9 7.213E-11
A2 [EST] -1.848644841277313E-9 4.372E-11
A3 [EST] -1.815642064993985E-9 4.233E-11
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      1983  
   data-arc span      3196 days (8.75 yr)  
   first obs. used      2011-05-01  
   last obs. used      2020-01-30  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .50499  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Shantanu Naidu  
   solution date      2020-Feb-13 15:15:03  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .0178602 au 
 Jupiter MOID = .248342 au 
 T_jup = 2.465 
[ hide covariance matrix ]
Orbit Covariance (9×9)
  e q tp node peri i A1 A2 A3
e 1.219415607619482E-14 -4.196332915586705E-14 1.545752335850627E-12 8.477844478897507E-13 3.126872051851331E-12 2.330697421081052E-13 7.030045945986898E-18 4.216872882915695E-18 -1.918620065474093E-18
q -4.196332915586705E-14 1.462347196548741E-13 -5.069906569553181E-12 -2.64932981996608E-12 -1.096037246944881E-11 -7.763379086409187E-13 -2.536816448935076E-17 -1.401287247977594E-17 6.204939253944583E-18
tp 1.545752335850627E-12 -5.069906569553181E-12 1.008713168293205E-9 2.200174455943992E-10 8.594308842877751E-10 1.27529655862939E-10 7.499691406228209E-16 9.319126225892875E-16 -8.756120985435131E-17
node 8.477844478897507E-13 -2.64932981996608E-12 2.200174455943992E-10 5.88211548187351E-10 -1.473032845093013E-10 6.249781291057542E-11 3.492675159213511E-16 4.401030353396477E-16 -4.758287837900145E-16
peri 3.126872051851331E-12 -1.096037246944881E-11 8.594308842877751E-10 -1.473032845093013E-10 1.488701120911933E-9 1.004469053894159E-10 1.961563284542334E-15 1.246030609265864E-15 -6.949469133637991E-17
i 2.330697421081052E-13 -7.763379086409187E-13 1.27529655862939E-10 6.249781291057542E-11 1.004469053894159E-10 6.163625443982845E-11 1.274940538825282E-16 1.441466830874961E-16 3.694707222939313E-17
A1 7.030045945986898E-18 -2.536816448935076E-17 7.499691406228209E-16 3.492675159213511E-16 1.961563284542334E-15 1.274940538825282E-16 5.20281277715592E-21 2.07341973633546E-21 -8.386949215830708E-22
A2 4.216872882915695E-18 -1.401287247977594E-17 9.319126225892875E-16 4.401030353396477E-16 1.246030609265864E-15 1.441466830874961E-16 2.07341973633546E-21 1.911695889334882E-21 -7.437737883331251E-22
A3 -1.918620065474093E-18 6.204939253944583E-18 -8.756120985435131E-17 -4.758287837900145E-16 -6.949469133637991E-17 3.694707222939313E-17 -8.386949215830708E-22 -7.437737883331251E-22 1.791409124770778E-21

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
comet total magnitude M1 13.1   0.9 K182/13 2 parameter fit from 1424 observations, autocmod 2.8
comet total magnitude slope K1 8.5   n/a K182/13 autocmod 2.8
diameter diameter 2.0 km n/a Lamy,P.L.,Toth,I.,Fernandez,Y.R.,Weaver,H.A. (2004) Comets II, pp. 223-264  

21P/Giacobini-Zinner          Discovered 1900-Dec-20 by Giacobini, M. at Nice Observatory, France
Reference: comet.disLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ show close-approach data ]
Alternate Designations
 Perihelion 
Year
(est.)
 New-Style 
Desig
Roman
 Numeral 
Year/
 Letter 
 1992.5       1992 IX   1991m 
 1985.9       1985 XIII   1984e 
 1979.4       1979 III   1978h 
 1972.8       1972 VI   1972d 
 1966.3       1966 I   1965g 
 1959.7       1959 VIII   1959b 
 1946.6       1946 V   1946c 
 1940.1       1940 I   1939l 
 1933.5       1933 III   1933c 
 1927.0       1926 VI   1926e 
 1913.9   21P/1913 U1   1913 V   1913e 
 1900.8   21P/1900 Y1   1900 III   1900c 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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