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JPL Small-Body Database Browser
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1 Ceres
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2000001
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

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For accurate long-term ephemerides, please instead use our Horizons system.This orbit viewer was implemented using two-body methods, and hence should not be used for determining accurate long-term trajectories (over several years or decades) or planetary encounter circumstances.


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Orbital Elements at Epoch 2458600.5 (2019-Apr-27.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 46 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .07600902910070946 4.819e-12  
a 2.76916515450648 1.0328e-11 au
q 2.558683599692926 1.9569e-11 au
i 10.59406704424526 4.6089e-09 deg
node 80.30553156826473 6.1688e-08 deg
peri 73.597694115971 6.6248e-08 deg
M 77.37209588584763 7.8207e-09 deg
tp 2458238.754135805026
(2018-Apr-30.25413581)
3.7829e-08 TDB
period 1683.145708012431
4.61
9.4159e-09
2.578e-11
d
yr
n .213885225911375 1.1965e-12 deg/d
Q 2.979646709320033 1.1113e-11 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      1002  
   # delay obs. used      60  
   # Doppler obs. used      0  
   data-arc span      8822 days (24.15 yr)  
   first obs. used      1995-01-05  
   last obs. used      2019-03-02  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N343  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .40633  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Davide Farnocchia  
   solution date      2019-Jun-05 16:22:15  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.59478 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 2.09753 au 
 T_jup = 3.309 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 3.34   n/a IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0 IRAS observations used: 15
magnitude slope G 0.12   n/a PDS3 (MPC 17257) Fit
diameter diameter 939.4 km 0.2 Nature vol. 537, pp515-517 (22 September 2016)  
extent extent 964.4 x 964.2 x 891.8 km 0.2 x 0.2 x 0.2 Nature vol. 537, pp515-517 (22 September 2016) fit w.r.t. center of mass and in body-fixed frame
GM GM 62.6284 km^3/s^2 0.0009 Nature vol. 537, pp515-517 (22 September 2016)  
bulk density density 2.162 g/cm^3 0.008 Nature vol. 537, pp515-517 (22 September 2016)  
rotation period rot_per 9.074170 h 0.000001 Nature vol. 537, pp515-517 (22 September 2016) derived from published value: 952.1532 +/- 0.0001 deg./day
pole direction pole 291.421/66.758   0.007/0.002 Nature vol. 537, pp515-517 (22 September 2016)  
geometric albedo albedo 0.090   0.003 Li et al. (2006) Icarus v182:pp143-160 V-band geometric albedo
B-V BV 0.713   0.014 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=52; phase (min.=1.47, mean=11.85, max.=22.59) deg.
U-B UB 0.426   0.026 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=52; phase (min.=1.47, mean=12.16, max.=22.59) deg.
Tholen spectral type spec_T G   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 used 7 color indices; used ground-based radiometric albedo
SMASSII spectral type spec_B C   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 based on a high-resolution spectrum by Xu et al. (1995) or Bus and Binzel (2002)

1 Ceres          Discovered 1801-Jan-01 by Piazzi, G. at Palermo
Reference: DISCOVERY.DBLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ show close-approach data ]
Alternate Designations
 1943 XB = A899 OF 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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