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12493 Minkowski (1997 PM1)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2012493
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

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Orbit Diagram
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Note: This Java-based orbit viewer will eventually be retired.

Note: Make sure you have Java enabled on your browser to see the applet. This applet is provided as a 3D orbit visualization tool. The applet was implemented using two-body methods, and hence should not be used for determining accurate long-term trajectories (over several years or decades) or planetary encounter circumstances. For accurate long-term ephemerides, please instead use our Horizons system.

Note: If the applet is not working, here are some notes that might help.
Orbit Viewer

Additional Notes: the orbits shown in the applet are color coded. The planets are white lines, and the asteroid/comet is a blue line. The bright white line indicates the portion of the orbit that is above the ecliptic plane, and the darker portion is below the ecliptic plane. Likewise for the asteroid/comet orbit, the light blue indicates the portion above the ecliptic plane, and the dark blue the portion below the ecliptic plane.

Orbit Viewer applet originally written and kindly provided by Osamu Ajiki (AstroArts), and further modified by Ron Baalke (JPL).

Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459000.5 (2020-May-31.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 25 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1029046387261204 3.9212e-08  
a 3.15454376376792 1.8321e-08 au
q 2.829926577411646 1.2638e-07 au
i 6.716978512571519 4.4182e-06 deg
node 125.6131365106938 3.5777e-05 deg
peri 12.29590063602406 4.1278e-05 deg
M 208.4874074105697 2.0734e-05 deg
tp 2459861.790170859267
0.00012041 TDB
period 2046.460008440028
n .1759135280021525 1.5325e-09 deg/d
Q 3.479160950124193 2.0207e-08 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      1576  
   data-arc span      11023 days (30.18 yr)  
   first obs. used      1990-05-25  
   last obs. used      2020-07-29  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .52695  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2020-Aug-25 00:34:08  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.84405 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 1.54972 au 
 T_jup = 3.188 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 13.3   n/a MPO358751  

12493 Minkowski           Discovered 1997 Aug. 4 by P. G. Comba at Prescott.
Hermann Minkowski (1864-1909) was awarded a prestigious prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences while still a student. He was Einstein's teacher at Zurich and later developed the concept of four-dimensional space-time---the mathematical foundation of the special theory of relativity.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20000124/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2013-03-29

[ show close-approach data ]
Alternate Designations
 1997 PM1 = 1991 PW25 = 1997 PP5 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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