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12014 Bobhawkes (1996 VX15)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2012014
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

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For accurate long-term ephemerides, please instead use our Horizons system.This orbit viewer was implemented using two-body methods, and hence should not be used for determining accurate long-term trajectories (over several years or decades) or planetary encounter circumstances.


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Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459000.5 (2020-May-31.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 34 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .157505458312545 3.3323e-08  
a 2.389686190356951 6.5193e-09 au
q 2.01329757172162 8.1329e-08 au
i 1.74635149090333 3.4595e-06 deg
node 202.6816028283726 0.00010136 deg
peri 357.7078096886958 0.00010182 deg
M 353.2045647305207 1.0294e-05 deg
tp 2459025.969740303966
(2020-Jun-25.46974030)
3.8605e-05 TDB
period 1349.303781997508
3.69
5.5215e-06
1.512e-08
d
yr
n .2668042621707147 1.0918e-09 deg/d
Q 2.766074808992283 7.5461e-09 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      2471  
   data-arc span      12162 days (33.30 yr)  
   first obs. used      1987-04-21  
   last obs. used      2020-08-07  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .45959  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2020-Nov-13 02:55:47  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 1.01062 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 2.19194 au 
 T_jup = 3.515 
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Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 13.8   n/a MPO319235  
diameter diameter 4.686 km 0.160 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011ApJ...741...68M)  
geometric albedo albedo 0.292   0.053 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011ApJ...741...68M)  

12014 Bobhawkes           Discovered 1996 Nov. 5 by Spacewatch at Kitt Peak.
Robert Lewis Hawkes (b. 1951) became head of the physics department at Mount Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick, in 2000. His graduate work at the University of Western Ontario in 1979 was on the dustball theory of meteoroids.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20020128/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2003-10-02

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Alternate Designations
 1996 VX15 = 1987 HB1 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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