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10P/Tempel 2
Classification: Jupiter-family Comet          SPK-ID: 1000094
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
:
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2455883.5 (2011-Nov-18.0) TDB
Reference: JPL K214/15 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .53626928444536 4.1867e-08  
a 3.065989195476974 5.0131e-08 au
q 1.421793363501332 1.4679e-07 au
i 12.02430784644825 3.37e-06 deg
node 117.8021440414856 2.6153e-05 deg
peri 195.606225816197 2.6938e-05 deg
M 92.01866567286876 4.1431e-06 deg
tp 2455382.280697673450
(2010-Jul-04.78069767)
2.2237e-05 TDB
period 1960.895080559286
5.37
4.8093e-05
1.317e-07
d
yr
n .1835896288226297 4.5027e-09 deg/d
Q 4.710185027452615 7.7015e-08 au

Additional Model Parameters
 Parameter Value Uncertainty (1-sigma) 
A1 [EST] 2.03332167056808E-10 1.971E-11
A2 [EST] 6.106802574965063E-12 7.709E-13
A3 [EST] 9.115420846116873E-11 3.247E-11
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3709  
   data-arc span      6616 days (18.11 yr)  
   first obs. used      2003-03-07  
   last obs. used      2021-04-17  
   planetary ephem.      DE441  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB441-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .64717  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Javier Roa  
   solution date      2021-May-04 16:28:38  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .411611 au 
 Jupiter MOID = .625325 au 
 T_jup = 2.964 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
comet total magnitude M1 13.7   0.8 K214/15 2 parameter fit from 956 observations, autocmod 2.9c
comet total magnitude slope K1 6.25   n/a K214/15 autocmod 2.9c
diameter diameter 10.6 km n/a Lamy,P.L.;Toth,I.;Fernandez,Y.R.;Weaver,H.A. (2004) Comets II, pp. 223-264  
rotation period rot_per 8.93 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2020-October); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[A'Hearn, M.F.; Campins, H.; Schleicher, D.G.; Millis, R.L. (1989) Astrophys. J. 347, 1155-1166.]
[Jewitt, D.; Luu, J. (1989) Astron. J. 97, 1766-1790.]
[Wisniewski, W.Z. (1990) Icarus 86, 52-57.]
[Knight, M.M.; Schleicher, D.;G.; Farnham, T.L.; Schwieterman, E.W.; Christensen, S.R. (2012) Astron. J. 144, A153.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.022   0.006 Earth, Moon, and Planets, v. 89, Issue 1, p. 117-134 (2002) sigma is +0.004 and -0.006

10P/Tempel 2          Discovered 1873-Jul-03 by Tempel, William at Milan, Italy
Reference: comet.disLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
(days_HH:MM)
Body Nominal Distance (au) Minimum Distance (au) Maximum Distance (au) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
1907-Dec-10 15:42 00:27 Jupiter 1.29004680737984 1.28961743986566 1.29047616920217 6.59287667967016 6.49252318946381 2417920.154335776 27.0563510512557 20971.0378150367 351.730331032558 2.40557568303625 12693.6901163144 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
1925-Jul-26 21:14 00:15 Earth 0.319521624048256 0.319225231432508 0.319818016917247 7.58018529065743 7.57908511052534 2424358.385052888 15.0844914573226 14786.7146069826 182.942064201088 -1.84087247583291 7998.21902419806 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
1943-Jul-04 15:31 00:07 Jupiter 0.631414415402373 0.631377401404137 0.631451429278434 4.46567070155725 4.15442871328607 2430910.146212006 6.49899635561163 1787.53633873389 389.018153294448 13.1178368394141 50538.0698592359 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
1967-Jul-26 09:26 00:04 Earth 0.390390556581846 0.390346508741182 0.390434604699167 7.00437721785827 7.00340273604581 2439697.893402216 4.06287001206498 2256.92200739223 95.4533554655813 -13.3042684812377 177379.067450295 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
1990-Dec-28 17:14 00:02 Jupiter 0.728898398311718 0.728891200339423 0.72890559628563 4.68516735149555 4.43020048065873 2448254.217811594 2.21445223891392 366.605002387251 130.625931674481 21.6215572873583 278936.316924266 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
2002-Dec-15 11:38 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.62893212699334 1.62892896179525 1.62893529219134 7.37540840401701 7.30456544750693 2452623.984698023 0.765510590687755 156.652372990718 73.1161773325683 5.6792917124156 976878.333882273 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
2026-Aug-03 20:59 < 00:01 Earth 0.414490095509695 0.414488086180753 0.414492104943743 6.45890196450479 6.45790662103521 2461256.374201126 0.530259883287175 352.590386123791 22.8103190545418 73.9012690158932 783577.592718597 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
2050-May-09 08:04 00:04 Jupiter 0.814239146491448 0.814217798777522 0.814260494143677 4.86507233481042 4.64633228182161 2469935.836308719 3.69222435204008 1000.41043472569 291.060440787336 3.62035874566711 72634.0133301259 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
2062-May-27 12:00 00:05 Jupiter 1.00818621220586 1.00814677340837 1.00822565091727 5.172028694011 5.00695426366091 2474336.999889573 4.88367070293165 1908.13101416445 171.293006891304 -6.44565823646439 80046.2534763113 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
2109-Dec-22 10:48 00:13 Jupiter 1.96426716823937 1.96423909988888 1.9642952366066 8.2659741971071 8.21364099313256 2491711.949762880 13.1049352296175 1485.46092986083 1024.60876216418 30.3108179968067 108971.305571612 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
2121-Sep-01 16:01 00:09 Jupiter 0.608382439496615 0.608366485357216 0.608398393651367 4.03017398678618 3.66848682600391 2495983.167053979 9.31742892618116 814.746532798171 367.854597974801 -0.845040824192303 135501.100333202 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
2124-Aug-10 13:15 00:12 Earth 0.413944633045519 0.413886891122207 0.414002425052237 5.25536027997282 5.25413533036442 2497057.052230168 12.1421967072934 7744.75217321637 138.136143948893 68.1886272807227 71938.1182801291 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
2169-May-08 21:39 00:58 Jupiter 1.95204129642963 1.9516824389151 1.9524001532694 8.34214047337745 8.289962310159 2513399.401877295 57.9520909964274 17802.8680108075 1641.30108279308 5.26496031217958 12854.0397026734 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
2181-Feb-13 23:14 00:38 Jupiter 0.712453228525338 0.712278002627916 0.712628451486149 4.20223040006738 3.90908904991502 2517698.468071602 37.6367761924117 8388.31372117323 426.169370733533 -17.7366799206979 67228.8643763319 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42
2199-Aug-05 12:54 01:25 Earth 0.327571449712522 0.326467342814368 0.328676244751969 5.29649780156856 5.29496183948799 2524445.037621400 85.4038326525686 59949.2700787667 403.592222071704 -23.2649260575611 189993.424561175 T K214/15 CATAB v2.0g-lin.ifort 2021-May-04 16:42:02 2021-May-04 16:42

Alternate Designations
 Perihelion 
Year
(est.)
 New-Style 
Desig
Roman
 Numeral 
Year/
 Letter 
 1994.4       1994 VII   
 1989.0       1988 XIV   1987g 
 1983.7       1983 X   1982d 
 1978.3       1978 V   1977d 
 1972.9       1972 X   1972c 
 1967.6       1967 X   1967d 
 1962.2       1962 VI   1961b 
 1956.8       1957 II   1956e 
 1951.5       1951 VIII   1951d 
 1946.1       1946 III   1946b 
 1930.0       1930 VII   1930f 
 1924.6       1925 IV   1925d 
 1919.2       1920 II   1920a 
 1913.9       1915 I   1915c 
 1903.1       1904 III   1904c 
 1897.8       1899 IV   1899c 
 1892.4       1894 III   1894c 
 1876.3   10P/1878 O1   1878 III   1878b 
 1870.9   10P/1873 N1   1873 II   1873b 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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