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60 Echo (A860 RB)
Classification: Main-belt Asteroid          SPK-ID: 2000060
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]

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For accurate long-term ephemerides, please instead use our Horizons system.This orbit viewer was implemented using two-body methods, and hence should not be used for determining accurate long-term trajectories (over several years or decades) or planetary encounter circumstances.


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Orbital Elements at Epoch 2459000.5 (2020-May-31.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 124 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1848457385461638 3.4301e-08  
a 2.39211175171103 4.3702e-09 au
q 1.949940088281047 8.2808e-08 au
i 3.600509867086774 3.7468e-06 deg
node 191.5465359146285 6.0839e-05 deg
peri 271.2181042735046 6.165e-05 deg
M 314.9727956790768 1.1313e-05 deg
tp 2459169.521949311833
(2020-Nov-16.02194931)
4.2645e-05 TDB
period 1351.358643511985
3.70
3.7032e-06
1.014e-08
d
yr
n .2663985624603785 7.3003e-10 deg/d
Q 2.834283415141013 5.178e-09 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3433  
   data-arc span      58371 days (159.81 yr)  
   first obs. used      1861-01-05  
   last obs. used      2020-10-29  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-N16  
   condition code      0  
   norm. resid. RMS      .45069  
   source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2020-Nov-13 04:33:51  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .970721 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 2.32487 au 
 T_jup = 3.505 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H 8.5   n/a MPO502153 IRAS observations used: 6
magnitude slope G 0.27   n/a PDS3 (MPC 17257) Fit
diameter diameter 43.218 km 0.571 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014ApJ...791..121M)  
rotation period rot_per 25.208 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2019-August); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[Florence, W.B.; Zeigler, K.W. (1984) Minor Planet Bull. 11, 33-34.]
[Zeigler, K.W.; Florence, W.B. (1985) Icarus 62, 512-517.]
[Harris, A.W.; Young, J.W.; Bowell, E.; Martin, L.J.; et al. (1989) Icarus 77, 171-186.]
[Michalowski, T. (1993) Icarus 106, 563-572.]
[Durech, J.; Hanus, J.; Oszkiewsicz, D.; Vanco, R. (2016) Astron. Astrophys. 587, A48.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.373   0.027 urn:nasa:pds:neowise_diameters_albedos::2.0[mainbelt] (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014ApJ...791..121M)  
B-V BV 0.854   0.019 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=6; phase (min.=2.44, mean=9.26, max.=12.36) deg.
U-B UB 0.452   0.027 EAR-A-5-DDR-UBV-MEAN-VALUES-V1.2 #obs=6; phase (min.=2.44, mean=9.26, max.=12.36) deg.
Tholen spectral type spec_T S   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 used 7 color indices; used ground-based radiometric albedo
SMASSII spectral type spec_B S   n/a EAR-A-5-DDR-TAXONOMY-V4.0 based on a high-resolution spectrum by Xu et al. (1995) or Bus and Binzel (2002)

60 Echo (A860 RB)          Discovered 1860-Sep-14 by Ferguson, J. at Washington
Reference: DISCOVERY.DBLast Updated: 2003-08-29

Alternate Designations
 A860 RB = A899 EB 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Mission Design | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]
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