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136472 Makemake (2005 FY9)
Classification: TransNeptunian Object          SPK-ID: 2136472
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]

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Orbit Diagram
Note: Make sure you have Java enabled on your browser to see the applet. This applet is provided as a 3D orbit visualization tool. The applet was implemented using 2-body methods, and hence should not be used for determining accurate long-term trajectories (over several years or decades) or planetary encounter circumstances. For accurate long-term ephemerides, please instead use our Horizons system.

Note: If the applet has stopped working because of a recent Java upgrade, here is a possible workaround.
Orbit Viewer

Additional Notes: the orbits shown in the applet are color coded. The planets are white lines, and the asteroid/comet is a blue line. The bright white line indicates the portion of the orbit that is above the ecliptic plane, and the darker portion is below the ecliptic plane. Likewise for the asteroid/comet orbit, the light blue indicates the portion above the ecliptic plane, and the dark blue the portion below the ecliptic plane.

Orbit Viewer applet originally written and kindly provided by Osamu Ajiki (AstroArts), and further modified by Ron Baalke (JPL).

Orbital Elements at Epoch 2457600.5 (2016-Jul-31.0) TDB
Reference: JPL 77 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .1540149776832445 1.6577e-05  
a 45.76152480511168 0.0012109 au
q 38.71356458350116 0.0017743 au
i 28.99451517233071 9.7955e-06 deg
node 79.50560389801686 0.00017516 deg
peri 296.607422473998 0.0058859 deg
M 159.0191984450051 0.0073039 deg
tp 2407655.017081851409
0.98475 JED
period 113070.4595819718
n .003183855459073409 1.2637e-07 deg/d
Q 52.80948502672219 0.0013974 au
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      1226  
   data-arc span      22358 days (61.21 yr)  
   first obs. used      1955-01-29  
   last obs. used      2016-04-16  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-BIG16  
   condition code      2  
   fit RMS      .42873  
   data source      ORB  
   producer      Otto Matic  
   solution date      2016-Apr-25 16:39:54  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = 37.8152 au 
 Jupiter MOID = 34.2228 au 
 T_jup = 5.240 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
absolute magnitude H -0.3 mag n/a MPO338186  
rotation period rot_per 22.48 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2016-February); Warner et al., 2009 [Result based on less than full coverage, so that the period may be wrong by 30 percent or so.]

136472 Makemake           Discovered 2005 Mar. 31 by M. E. Brown, C. A. Trujillo and D. L. Rabinowitz at Palomar.
Makemake is the creator of humanity and the god of fertility in the mythology of the South Pacific island of Rapa Nui, or Easter Island. He was the chief god of the Tangata manu bird-man cult and was worshiped in the form of sea birds, which were his incarnation. His material symbol was a man with a bird's head.
NOTE: some special characters may not display properly (any characters within {} are an attempt to place the proper accent above a character)
Reference: 20080718/MPCPages.arcLast Updated: 2008-07-18
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances ]
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