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10P/Tempel 2
Classification: Jupiter-family Comet          SPK-ID: 1000094
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
:
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2457164.5 (2015-May-22.0) TDB
Reference: JPL K1013/11 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .5373083647256961 3.1676e-08  
a 3.063964735215497 2.0148e-08 AU
q 1.417670853759658 9.7246e-08 AU
i 12.02893789853827 3.6286e-06 deg
node 117.8050749077376 2.493e-05 deg
peri 195.548147307278 2.5729e-05 deg
M 327.6078828292437 5.4617e-06 deg
tp 2457340.762897305200
(2015-Nov-14.26289731)
3.1249e-05 JED
period 1958.953244561583
5.36
1.9322e-05
5.29e-08
d
yr
n .183771614253391 1.8127e-09 deg/d
Q 4.710258616671337 3.0974e-08 AU

Additional Model Parameters
 Parameter Value Uncertainty (1-sigma) 
A1 [EST] 3.822693819777662E-10 6.848E-12
A2 [EST] -3.601754559714979E-11 1.028E-12
A3 [EST] -7.294733312892527E-11 9.279E-12
DT [EST] 42.28880744207071 1.474
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3500  
   data-arc span      25213 days (69.03 yr)  
   first obs. used      1946-05-01  
   last obs. used      2015-05-12  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-BIG16  
   condition code      0  
   fit RMS      .7269  
   data source      ORB  
   producer      Ryan S. Park  
   solution date      2015-May-12 21:32:29  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .406854 AU 
 T_jup = 2.964 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
comet total magnitude M1 13.3 mag 1. K1013/11 2 parameter fit from 754 observations, autocmod 2.6
comet total magnitude slope K1 7.   n/a K1013/11 autocmod 2.6
diameter diameter 10.6 km n/a Lamy,P.L.;Toth,I.;Fernandez,Y.R.;Weaver,H.A. (2004) Comets II, pp. 223-264  
rotation period rot_per 8.950 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2015-May); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[A'Hearn, M.F.; Campins, H.; Schleicher, D.G.; Millis, R.L. (1989) Astrophys. J. 347, 1155-1166.]
[Jewitt, D.; Luu, J. (1989) Astron. J. 97, 1766-1790.]
[Wisniewski, W.Z. (1990) Icarus 86, 52-57.]
[Knight, M.M.; Schleicher, D.;G.; Farnham, T.L.; Schwieterman, E.W.; Christensen, S.R. (2012) Astron. J. 144, A153.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.022   0.006 Earth, Moon, and Planets, v. 89, Issue 1, p. 117-134 (2002) sigma is +0.004 and -0.006

10P/Tempel 2          Discovered 1873-Jul-03 by Tempel, William at Milan, Italy
Reference: comet.disLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
(days_HH:MM)
Body Nominal Distance (AU) Minimum Distance (AU) Maximum Distance (AU) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
1907-Dec-10 16:23 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.28950473130852 1.28946071828822 1.28954874302473 6.59065639441053 6.49022604628045 2417920.182548576 0.80992809619566 391.719667216481 23.0954413787275 3.51088067249129 75964.8912748129 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
1925-Jul-26 20:50 00:01 Earth 0.320021521457945 0.320001933908201 0.320041116580158 7.58187247672972 7.5807742597604 2424358.368147072 1.06647805671951 1556.617237103 38.7996651095688 -65.192865445464 629960.43000701 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
1943-Jul-04 15:47 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.631486766366984 0.631483421827146 0.631490110921321 4.46566033970761 4.15445456882221 2430910.157745521 0.930597494728395 24.3375271015087 7.01312196203541 -54.0162504777447 824411.351744105 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
1967-Jul-26 09:21 < 00:01 Earth 0.39045996961085 0.390459575911658 0.390460363312153 7.00422946039303 7.00325513127246 2439697.889558903 0.134534836080901 34.4283479860309 23.5368883613539 -77.1250379587842 1302878.43297446 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
1990-Dec-28 17:20 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.728901665822315 0.728900416173543 0.728902915471123 4.68513127930235 4.43016350683435 2448254.221891619 0.217852929587082 7.48366949399792 3.36237058749643 -38.811413387348 1810491.57132094 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
2002-Dec-15 11:38 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.62894122869674 1.62893957984336 1.62894287754901 7.37541392623054 7.30457142063801 2452623.984949700 0.096797927786374 14.5775794461504 5.08173140186637 -0.343480223655306 2053662.63810002 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
2026-Aug-03 20:57 < 00:01 Earth 0.414482653823787 0.414482181304953 0.414483126356796 6.4589550351924 6.45795968203083 2461256.373205128 0.194440866686313 73.6976293485837 13.7940486497203 74.0759965441512 2170387.41462335 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
2050-May-09 07:52 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.814296472608169 0.814292270948305 0.814300674261564 4.86534220221133 4.64663061275043 2469935.827472768 0.601356055798696 24.9503308744407 10.6145298697437 -30.6460089345317 581847.549008279 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
2062-May-27 11:49 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.00805960102826 1.00805578188612 1.00806342017266 5.17179854806091 5.00669545275196 2474336.992116195 0.776168286417246 19.1158748557504 8.3419996480012 4.84782442945621 690125.15835502 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
2109-Dec-22 09:51 00:01 Jupiter 1.96417607750063 1.96416874602381 1.96418340896975 8.26598231362841 8.21364672634085 2491711.910189520 1.4443277109079 137.333163580265 48.0465369997749 0.680813049216811 294306.906392925 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
2121-Sep-01 15:41 00:01 Jupiter 0.608343595163409 0.608342015507947 0.608345174852906 4.0304324835815 3.66874657343149 2495983.153666546 1.32337645954071 17.7561994438348 5.49129039353816 72.277300434275 1060384.74651979 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
2124-Aug-10 13:43 00:09 Earth 0.414054930456544 0.414034571082199 0.41407530569953 5.25628902080877 5.25506461397578 2497057.071607009 8.73196114977872 1956.02790304955 77.2973880997908 60.6531291397077 297998.025884205 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
2169-May-08 19:08 00:06 Jupiter 1.95151838025243 1.95144129673335 1.95159546099923 8.34107777467227 8.28887889438956 2513399.297376763 5.49542418149178 1095.55401368645 72.1333134999535 -3.75727244968206 51487.6525326891 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
2181-Feb-13 23:18 00:03 Jupiter 0.712532235044543 0.712500947145503 0.712563521628689 4.20308177456194 3.91003796720258 2517698.470781164 2.78417162716442 173.669910625958 18.5012730612411 7.44774720483012 64990.6248354916 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42
2199-Aug-05 14:31 00:26 Earth 0.326247070111915 0.326008291302727 0.326486437863197 5.29796676084109 5.29642499043811 2524445.104957437 25.8332330884931 10623.9771528431 99.3029655810653 -61.6124335314102 185604.309267261 T K1013/11 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-May-12 21:42:03 2015-May-12 21:42

Alternate Designations
 Perihelion 
Year
(est.)
 New-Style 
Desig
Roman
 Numeral 
Year/
 Letter 
 1994.4       1994 VII   
 1989.1       1988 XIV   1987g 
 1983.7       1983 X   1982d 
 1978.3       1978 V   1977d 
 1973.0       1972 X   1972c 
 1967.6       1967 X   1967d 
 1962.2       1962 VI   1961b 
 1956.9       1957 II   1956e 
 1951.5       1951 VIII   1951d 
 1946.1       1946 III   1946b 
 1930.1       1930 VII   1930f 
 1924.7       1925 IV   1925d 
 1919.3       1920 II   1920a 
 1914.0       1915 I   1915c 
 1903.2       1904 III   1904c 
 1897.9       1899 IV   1899c 
 1892.5       1894 III   1894c 
 1876.4   10P/1878 O1   1878 III   1878b 
 1871.1   10P/1873 N1   1873 II   1873b 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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