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10P/Tempel 2
Classification: Jupiter-family Comet          SPK-ID: 1000094
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
:
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2456717.5 (2014-Mar-01.0) TDB
Reference: JPL K1013/8 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .5368249172683272 4.0995e-08  
a 3.064366897818881 1.6745e-08 AU
q 1.41933839141746 1.266e-07 AU
i 12.02888677338148 3.9406e-06 deg
node 117.8072663688663 2.4836e-05 deg
peri 195.5209002498694 2.5997e-05 deg
M 245.4397537417983 4.9894e-06 deg
tp 2457341.006532707676
(2015-Nov-14.50653271)
3.1106e-05 JED
period 1959.338942663048
5.36
1.606e-05
4.397e-08
d
yr
n .1837354386019111 1.5061e-09 deg/d
Q 4.709395404220302 2.5735e-08 AU

Additional Model Parameters
 Parameter Value Uncertainty (1-sigma) 
A1 [EST] 3.993041158876777E-10 6.638E-12
A2 [EST] -3.468864225447803E-11 9.731E-13
A3 [EST] -6.459097701413857E-11 8.34E-12
DT [EST] 39.3563968001747 1.294
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3058  
   data-arc span      24697 days (67.62 yr)  
   first obs. used      1946-05-01  
   last obs. used      2013-12-12  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-BIG16  
   condition code      0  
   fit RMS      .75694  
   data source      ORB  
   producer      Ryan S. Park  
   solution date      2014-Feb-19 12:16:24  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .406903 AU 
 T_jup = 2.965 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
comet total magnitude M1 13.2 mag 1. K1013/8 2 parameter fit from 599 observations, autocmod 2.5c
comet total magnitude slope K1 7.   n/a K1013/8 autocmod 2.5c
diameter diameter 10.6 km n/a Lamy,P.L.;Toth,I.;Fernandez,Y.R.;Weaver,H.A. (2004) Comets II, pp. 223-264  
rotation period rot_per 8.950 h n/a Asteroid Lightcurve DataBase (Rev. 2013-Sep-12) Published Reference List:
[A'Hearn, M.F.; Campins, H.; Schleicher, D.G.; Millis, R.L. (1989) Astrophys. J. 347, 1155-1166.]
[Jewitt, D.; Luu, J. (1989) Astron. J. 97, 1766-1790.]
[Wisniewski, W.Z. (1990) Icarus 86, 52-57.]
[Knight, M.M.; Schleicher, D.;G.; Farnham, T.L.; Schwieterman, E.W.; Christensen, S.R. (2012) Astron. J. 144, A153.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.022   0.006 Earth, Moon, and Planets, v. 89, Issue 1, p. 117-134 (2002) sigma is +0.004 and -0.006

10P/Tempel 2          Discovered 1873-Jul-03 by Tempel, William at Milan, Italy
Reference: comet.disLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
(days_HH:MM)
Body Nominal Distance (AU) Minimum Distance (AU) Maximum Distance (AU) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
1907-Dec-10 16:27 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.28948825996268 1.28944560095949 1.28953091774513 6.59061911882883 6.4901869011042 2417920.185229388 0.748140063503955 379.812151015163 18.898851762107 3.65514336478887 87933.1486617848 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
1925-Jul-26 20:50 00:01 Earth 0.320031816161406 0.320012792317794 0.320050847162597 7.58195059852167 7.580852428199 2424358.367848838 1.02730050132954 1512.82855096472 35.8991159247801 -65.2248885042881 681057.675057232 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
1943-Jul-04 15:48 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.631485117562638 0.631481925146159 0.631488309999667 4.46566933004961 4.154463389631 2430910.158055838 0.860168797249237 23.1221026368248 5.93514227829399 -52.9982391431748 958271.123891473 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
1967-Jul-26 09:21 < 00:01 Earth 0.39045730436443 0.390456886033248 0.390457722695975 7.00423856125281 7.00326422674721 2439697.889655861 0.119757616088902 28.8789307094305 22.0154341108085 -74.6317352124952 1390781.98868295 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
1990-Dec-28 17:18 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.728898996561651 0.728897838333305 0.728900154789532 4.68513668599458 4.43016826412501 2448254.220901177 0.219899193646762 6.95858595383974 3.15101942413837 -39.5814155021302 1955186.06020992 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
2002-Dec-15 11:39 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.6289341470524 1.62893221264297 1.62893608145985 7.37540782725911 7.30456495304127 2452623.985465254 0.0946952595483676 16.7414802319246 5.09284566772039 -1.34725954300098 1792712.24086842 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
2026-Aug-03 20:57 < 00:01 Earth 0.414479778902358 0.414479267188409 0.414480290627677 6.45895242876014 6.45795706829233 2461256.372909322 0.189910510427525 70.579351450213 15.0689657472528 73.3050483280789 1980169.94186926 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
2050-May-09 07:48 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.814303672028111 0.814299603704929 0.814307740347665 4.8653756286977 4.64666759173671 2469935.825333672 0.593365919365353 24.3174473727601 9.63223579446172 -30.4226755602872 623875.667772179 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
2062-May-27 11:47 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.0080451498437 1.0080411565691 1.00804914312007 5.17177266657058 5.0066663118446 2474336.990765086 0.753167056479563 19.8006756181681 7.4312796365809 2.51863225435016 660296.850393912 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
2109-Dec-22 09:41 00:01 Jupiter 1.96415190677469 1.96414408195057 1.96415973158587 8.26592896086137 8.21359238752482 2491711.903793354 1.45049529952605 141.910364233388 42.421010322817 0.599721564493182 284822.779271623 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
2121-Sep-01 15:40 00:01 Jupiter 0.6083471641351 0.608345916425977 0.608348411878524 4.03045182439701 3.66877004743625 2495983.152681942 1.21842522465515 16.3210252548626 5.27701787012376 70.7011867592612 1094901.10283472 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
2124-Aug-10 13:52 00:09 Earth 0.414091991321382 0.414071741743351 0.414112256945728 5.25636580970368 5.25514153035638 2497057.077463521 8.76855758855545 1963.84295962837 72.141769803078 60.7348534276215 319571.549402392 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
2169-May-08 18:27 00:06 Jupiter 1.95129353016452 1.95121334643321 1.9513737108907 8.34042850486297 8.28821950114648 2513399.268559184 5.61056678794556 1134.25776633949 63.2856648080454 -3.88532710972299 55330.4647448314 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
2181-Feb-13 23:35 00:03 Jupiter 0.712625917942657 0.71259354891446 0.712658285559198 4.2033831012465 3.91040183956747 2517698.482882995 3.05130475135741 179.563678593193 15.7587862133607 7.54899526369518 71446.1936758869 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22
2199-Aug-05 15:20 00:26 Earth 0.325619773237102 0.325377004642731 0.32586316787559 5.29820521520149 5.2966605437341 2524445.138612580 26.422477688541 10885.7388339723 91.8113236063352 -62.0170337829177 201129.916760273 T K1013/8 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Feb-19 12:22:01 2014-Feb-19 12:22

Alternate Designations
 Perihelion 
Year
(est.)
 New-Style 
Desig
Roman
 Numeral 
Year/
 Letter 
 1994.4       1994 VII   
 1989.0       1988 XIV   1987g 
 1983.7       1983 X   1982d 
 1978.3       1978 V   1977d 
 1973.0       1972 X   1972c 
 1967.6       1967 X   1967d 
 1962.2       1962 VI   1961b 
 1956.9       1957 II   1956e 
 1951.5       1951 VIII   1951d 
 1946.1       1946 III   1946b 
 1930.0       1930 VII   1930f 
 1924.7       1925 IV   1925d 
 1919.3       1920 II   1920a 
 1913.9       1915 I   1915c 
 1903.2       1904 III   1904c 
 1897.8       1899 IV   1899c 
 1892.5       1894 III   1894c 
 1876.4   10P/1878 O1   1878 III   1878b 
 1871.0   10P/1873 N1   1873 II   1873b 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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