Skip Page Navigation
NASA JPL Caltech
NASA Logo - Jet Propulsion Laboratory + View the NASA Portal
+ Near-Earth Object (NEO) Program
Search JPL
JPL Home Earth Solar System Stars & Galaxies Technology
JPL Solar System Dynamics
BODIES ORBITS EPHEMERIDES TOOLS PHYSICAL DATA DISCOVERY FAQ SITE MAP
JPL Small-Body Database Browser
Search: [ help ]  
10P/Tempel 2
Classification: Jupiter-family Comet          SPK-ID: 1000094
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
:
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2456981.5 (2014-Nov-20.0) TDB
Reference: JPL K1013/10 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .5372095848169594 4.1371e-08  
a 3.063866440042711 1.7462e-08 AU
q 1.417928021852751 1.2761e-07 AU
i 12.02900531783671 3.9576e-06 deg
node 117.8070182720082 2.5192e-05 deg
peri 195.5402937664356 2.6284e-05 deg
M 293.9700971760504 5.2639e-06 deg
tp 2457340.786855349391
(2015-Nov-14.28685535)
3.11e-05 JED
period 1958.858977433888
5.36
1.6746e-05
4.585e-08
d
yr
n .183780457984577 1.5711e-09 deg/d
Q 4.709804858232672 2.6843e-08 AU

Additional Model Parameters
 Parameter Value Uncertainty (1-sigma) 
A1 [EST] 3.951504700276657E-10 6.779E-12
A2 [EST] -3.478891024343302E-11 1.021E-12
A3 [EST] -6.424514458729089E-11 9.24E-12
DT [EST] 39.87330600470744 1.369
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3113  
   data-arc span      24893 days (68.15 yr)  
   first obs. used      1946-05-01  
   last obs. used      2014-06-26  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-BIG16  
   condition code      0  
   fit RMS      .73427  
   data source      ORB  
   producer      Ryan S. Park  
   solution date      2014-Nov-10 13:29:34  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .406439 AU 
 T_jup = 2.964 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
comet total magnitude M1 13.2 mag 1. K1013/10 2 parameter fit from 623 observations, autocmod 2.6
comet total magnitude slope K1 7.   n/a K1013/10 autocmod 2.6
diameter diameter 10.6 km n/a Lamy,P.L.;Toth,I.;Fernandez,Y.R.;Weaver,H.A. (2004) Comets II, pp. 223-264  
rotation period rot_per 8.950 h n/a Asteroid Lightcurve DataBase (Rev. 2014-Mar-01) Published Reference List:
[A'Hearn, M.F.; Campins, H.; Schleicher, D.G.; Millis, R.L. (1989) Astrophys. J. 347, 1155-1166.]
[Jewitt, D.; Luu, J. (1989) Astron. J. 97, 1766-1790.]
[Wisniewski, W.Z. (1990) Icarus 86, 52-57.]
[Knight, M.M.; Schleicher, D.;G.; Farnham, T.L.; Schwieterman, E.W.; Christensen, S.R. (2012) Astron. J. 144, A153.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.022   0.006 Earth, Moon, and Planets, v. 89, Issue 1, p. 117-134 (2002) sigma is +0.004 and -0.006

10P/Tempel 2          Discovered 1873-Jul-03 by Tempel, William at Milan, Italy
Reference: comet.disLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
(days_HH:MM)
Body Nominal Distance (AU) Minimum Distance (AU) Maximum Distance (AU) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
1907-Dec-10 16:26 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.28948333823256 1.28943974311661 1.28952693207028 6.59060318915533 6.49017033862787 2417920.184987439 0.783070812814497 388.080023320199 21.4332828497903 3.66404586714029 81194.5995983778 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
1925-Jul-26 20:50 00:01 Earth 0.320033576179688 0.320014172621029 0.320052987183214 7.58196258692642 7.58086442438019 2424358.367761116 1.05015230162281 1543.05815585782 38.5750731709353 -65.2175410385581 633783.474594945 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
1943-Jul-04 15:47 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.631485595556859 0.63148232683569 0.631488864293605 4.46567099982311 4.15446542887097 2430910.157780075 0.901683769647542 24.0696234765892 6.52614543594036 -54.1117157750776 884710.735767266 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
1967-Jul-26 09:21 < 00:01 Earth 0.390457414630694 0.390456988433546 0.390457840829724 7.00424169562316 7.00326736182882 2439697.889639856 0.129199477153963 34.4951461125383 23.7329890982545 -75.8973027657837 1288902.05265538 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
1990-Dec-28 17:18 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.728899259228649 0.728898049478999 0.728900468976711 4.68513764361492 4.43016937138372 2448254.220865179 0.226679537757626 7.25822388223814 3.30121763907422 -39.6487661004082 1869791.26127467 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
2002-Dec-15 11:39 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.62893465611995 1.62893275265505 1.62893655958341 7.37540845342767 7.30456560752954 2452623.985429757 0.0961603985687477 16.4923024713936 5.09925620119381 -1.35369821665296 1819677.46648527 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
2026-Aug-03 20:57 < 00:01 Earth 0.414479860247709 0.414479333549895 0.414480386957715 6.45895494996664 6.45795959008277 2461256.372913023 0.198480977581677 72.6596779725992 15.5154117925665 73.0941695329094 1921163.3253651 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
2050-May-09 07:49 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.814302863380783 0.814298669157041 0.814307057594947 4.86537328429131 4.64666491468393 2469935.825543178 0.599995786968884 25.2231480777705 10.3023465447194 -31.0383853799018 595214.008677462 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
2062-May-27 11:47 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.00804662121649 1.00804251087123 1.00805073156336 5.17177501003809 5.00666897756067 2474336.991035848 0.76746239453534 20.5575871166279 8.00183731257862 3.12786074295105 637489.899357594 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
2109-Dec-22 09:43 00:01 Jupiter 1.96415490633225 1.96414706385984 1.96416274879204 8.26593733018618 8.21360089035879 2491711.904666184 1.46366044161994 142.709116462727 46.7568318087178 0.709689204084666 283252.031773395 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
2121-Sep-01 15:40 00:01 Jupiter 0.608346925170471 0.608345565639845 0.608348284759842 4.03044923759884 3.66876705654588 2495983.152895906 1.26561366836025 17.4006456318995 5.50025900686183 72.1799830476258 1058380.82191334 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
2124-Aug-10 13:50 00:09 Earth 0.414086269033644 0.414065781666116 0.414106772797616 5.25635247919919 5.25512817982589 2497057.076603553 8.86349505274515 1985.16518215865 78.3983048914733 60.7082477484646 293996.923390968 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
2169-May-08 18:33 00:06 Jupiter 1.95132369777548 1.95124286711902 1.95140452537639 8.34051672827125 8.28830908997275 2513399.272574192 5.65944689363346 1143.54056086877 70.0674493167944 -3.81890575131181 51584.6698269614 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
2181-Feb-13 23:33 00:03 Jupiter 0.712613616611512 0.712581001148274 0.712646230637872 4.20334184808453 3.91035224848803 2517698.481534075 3.07871425201275 181.030733634646 17.4982077268341 7.45674402313375 66081.2170490452 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32
2199-Aug-05 15:13 00:27 Earth 0.325707130983139 0.32546168895638 0.325953210684298 5.29816412276068 5.29661985366853 2524445.133926478 26.6959079087188 10993.5276998937 99.8285496902237 -61.9687744864318 184943.058225893 T K1013/10 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-Nov-10 13:32:02 2014-Nov-10 13:32

Alternate Designations
 Perihelion 
Year
(est.)
 New-Style 
Desig
Roman
 Numeral 
Year/
 Letter 
 1994.4       1994 VII   
 1989.1       1988 XIV   1987g 
 1983.7       1983 X   1982d 
 1978.3       1978 V   1977d 
 1973.0       1972 X   1972c 
 1967.6       1967 X   1967d 
 1962.2       1962 VI   1961b 
 1956.9       1957 II   1956e 
 1951.5       1951 VIII   1951d 
 1946.1       1946 III   1946b 
 1930.1       1930 VII   1930f 
 1924.7       1925 IV   1925d 
 1919.3       1920 II   1920a 
 1914.0       1915 I   1915c 
 1903.2       1904 III   1904c 
 1897.9       1899 IV   1899c 
 1892.5       1894 III   1894c 
 1876.4   10P/1878 O1   1878 III   1878b 
 1871.1   10P/1873 N1   1873 II   1873b 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
ABOUT SSD CREDITS/AWARDS PRIVACY/COPYRIGHT GLOSSARY LINKS
FirstGov 2014-Nov-28 22:54 UT
(server date/time)  
NASA Home Page
Site Manager:   Donald K. Yeomans
Webmaster  Alan B. Chamberlin