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10P/Tempel 2
Classification: Jupiter-family Comet          SPK-ID: 1000094
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
:
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2457262.5 (2015-Aug-28.0) TDB
Reference: JPL K1013/12 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .5373524008962 3.2642e-08  
a 3.064200979961858 5.7786e-08 AU
q 1.417645226550865 8.9137e-08 AU
i 12.02891385885155 3.4043e-06 deg
node 117.8053884339254 2.3515e-05 deg
peri 195.5476728978316 2.4163e-05 deg
M 345.6199434171522 5.4191e-06 deg
tp 2457340.758657186298
(2015-Nov-14.25865719)
3.0928e-05 JED
period 1959.179814401525
5.36
5.5421e-05
1.517e-07
d
yr
n .1837503619390698 5.1979e-09 deg/d
Q 4.710756733372852 8.8838e-08 AU

Additional Model Parameters
 Parameter Value Uncertainty (1-sigma) 
A1 [EST] 3.828866589520615E-10 6.853E-12
A2 [EST] -3.614459204939829E-11 1.025E-12
A3 [EST] -7.989121955051499E-11 9.141E-12
DT [EST] 42.31063600434584 1.469
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3847  
   data-arc span      25274 days (69.20 yr)  
   first obs. used      1946-05-01  
   last obs. used      2015-07-12  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-BIG16  
   condition code      0  
   fit RMS      .70382  
   data source      ORB  
   producer      Ryan S. Park  
   solution date      2015-Aug-18 22:04:01  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .407031 AU 
 T_jup = 2.964 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
comet total magnitude M1 11.3 mag 1. K1013/12 from 831 observations, assumed slope, autocmod 2.6
comet total magnitude slope K1 12.   n/a K1013/12 autocmod 2.6
comet nuclear magnitude M2 14.9 mag 0.7 K1013/12 from 2261 observations, autocmod 2.6
comet nuclear magnitude slope K2 5.   n/a K1013/12 autocmod 2.6
comet nuclear phase coefficient PC 0.03   n/a K1013/12 autocmod 2.6
diameter diameter 10.6 km n/a Lamy,P.L.;Toth,I.;Fernandez,Y.R.;Weaver,H.A. (2004) Comets II, pp. 223-264  
rotation period rot_per 8.950 h n/a LCDB (Rev. 2015-July); Warner et al., 2009 Published Reference List:
[A'Hearn, M.F.; Campins, H.; Schleicher, D.G.; Millis, R.L. (1989) Astrophys. J. 347, 1155-1166.]
[Jewitt, D.; Luu, J. (1989) Astron. J. 97, 1766-1790.]
[Wisniewski, W.Z. (1990) Icarus 86, 52-57.]
[Knight, M.M.; Schleicher, D.;G.; Farnham, T.L.; Schwieterman, E.W.; Christensen, S.R. (2012) Astron. J. 144, A153.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.022   0.006 Earth, Moon, and Planets, v. 89, Issue 1, p. 117-134 (2002) sigma is +0.004 and -0.006

10P/Tempel 2          Discovered 1873-Jul-03 by Tempel, William at Milan, Italy
Reference: comet.disLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
(days_HH:MM)
Body Nominal Distance (AU) Minimum Distance (AU) Maximum Distance (AU) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
1907-Dec-10 16:22 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.28951600656566 1.28947202521244 1.28955998661596 6.59068750475698 6.49025852296063 2417920.182005437 0.816565088743095 391.374797827992 22.8802672687083 3.41398826825555 75259.6304988222 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
1925-Jul-26 20:50 00:01 Earth 0.32001611580544 0.319996554081833 0.320035685080032 7.5818341235373 7.58073588245947 2424358.368330539 1.06814791819986 1554.53352284478 38.7121620657509 -65.1849497103402 631331.129064318 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
1943-Jul-04 15:47 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.631486606359891 0.631483250717773 0.631489962021817 4.46565640422859 4.15445025673302 2430910.157852378 0.936299998782225 24.201978711873 7.0633042416771 -53.598547810708 815151.483681608 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
1967-Jul-26 09:21 < 00:01 Earth 0.390460570891152 0.390460195071538 0.390460946711701 7.00422491310337 7.00325058485066 2439697.889539991 0.135266710788076 34.3584098466625 23.3369158390469 -77.5265625412107 1314932.31623451 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
1990-Dec-28 17:20 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.728902196353426 0.728900943597171 0.728903449109154 4.68512990099321 4.43016224011829 2448254.222135354 0.214591653848362 7.51425198743625 3.3481325299771 -38.4947678727671 1806867.96868305 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
2002-Dec-15 11:38 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.62894242023876 1.62894084190102 1.62894399857489 7.37541460390487 7.30457215695599 2452623.984818313 0.0964561185518366 14.0618762915101 5.03981598369708 -0.0503436879323544 2128713.79089249 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
2026-Aug-03 20:58 < 00:01 Earth 0.414483368380862 0.414482920066319 0.41448381670961 6.45895867594825 6.45796332506391 2461256.373280999 0.190214397043606 72.9006464330466 12.8087269113161 74.6180758972349 2342954.71787967 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
2050-May-09 07:52 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.814295449280099 0.814291251635274 0.814299646916955 4.8653370431246 4.64662492950656 2469935.827788296 0.60147176528407 24.7092828387384 10.4047984278038 -29.7841931290084 583267.999437321 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
2062-May-27 11:49 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.00806182194408 1.00805810667325 1.00806553721717 5.17180392616881 5.00670137795537 2474336.992067669 0.77877167445955 18.552106214973 8.16127046484507 4.7014310730823 710302.96670054 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
2109-Dec-22 09:52 00:01 Jupiter 1.96417931242927 1.96417210923316 1.96418651561893 8.26598862615226 8.21365316555597 2491711.910874658 1.44313634670818 136.034613600635 47.0409302070559 0.371922529482797 297014.068134404 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
2121-Sep-01 15:41 00:01 Jupiter 0.608342556751314 0.608340938580566 0.608344174980404 4.03043244483492 3.66874588305171 2495983.153558430 1.33562477868181 17.5989707326927 5.4644013972309 71.6815798891803 1062388.55381766 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
2124-Aug-10 13:42 00:09 Earth 0.414051417898164 0.414031069690438 0.41407178186899 5.25629783393524 5.25507341876735 2497057.070985144 8.70334467424922 1949.75442591269 75.6470451265836 60.65487736552 304499.594621233 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
2169-May-08 19:13 00:05 Jupiter 1.95154609048214 1.95147010057351 1.95162207770097 8.34115788528816 8.2889602529984 2513399.300707694 5.45740406230006 1081.86653565009 70.8474185305547 -3.80793479480134 52630.3965754024 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
2181-Feb-13 23:15 00:03 Jupiter 0.71251986372013 0.712488919197862 0.712550806951369 4.20304772257989 3.90999608434564 2517698.468722890 2.68579265573636 171.694102723465 18.1808370497613 7.58338925208513 66686.8333354491 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12
2199-Aug-05 14:26 00:26 Earth 0.326319369289168 0.326083045404732 0.32655626816152 5.29796598522233 5.29642455623731 2524445.101064797 25.5376470385072 10506.2614034863 97.6509622761602 -61.5608492084605 188694.095805881 T K1013/12 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2015-Aug-18 22:12:05 2015-Aug-18 22:12

Alternate Designations
 Perihelion 
Year
(est.)
 New-Style 
Desig
Roman
 Numeral 
Year/
 Letter 
 1994.4       1994 VII   
 1989.0       1988 XIV   1987g 
 1983.7       1983 X   1982d 
 1978.3       1978 V   1977d 
 1973.0       1972 X   1972c 
 1967.6       1967 X   1967d 
 1962.2       1962 VI   1961b 
 1956.9       1957 II   1956e 
 1951.5       1951 VIII   1951d 
 1946.1       1946 III   1946b 
 1930.0       1930 VII   1930f 
 1924.7       1925 IV   1925d 
 1919.3       1920 II   1920a 
 1914.0       1915 I   1915c 
 1903.2       1904 III   1904c 
 1897.9       1899 IV   1899c 
 1892.5       1894 III   1894c 
 1876.4   10P/1878 O1   1878 III   1878b 
 1871.0   10P/1873 N1   1873 II   1873b 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
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