Skip Page Navigation
NASA JPL Caltech
NASA Logo - Jet Propulsion Laboratory + View the NASA Portal
+ Near-Earth Object (NEO) Program
Search JPL
JPL Home Earth Solar System Stars & Galaxies Technology
JPL Solar System Dynamics
BODIES ORBITS EPHEMERIDES TOOLS PHYSICAL DATA DISCOVERY FAQ SITE MAP
JPL Small-Body Database Browser
Search: [ help ]  
10P/Tempel 2
Classification: Jupiter-family Comet          SPK-ID: 1000094
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

[ show orbit diagram ]
:
Orbital Elements at Epoch 2456799.5 (2014-May-22.0) TDB
Reference: JPL K1013/9 (heliocentric ecliptic J2000)
 Element Value Uncertainty (1-sigma)   Units 
e .5369821897777215 4.0788e-08  
a 3.064173619082169 1.6778e-08 AU
q 1.4187669592483 1.2593e-07 AU
i 12.02920647808654 3.9388e-06 deg
node 117.8087065726701 2.48e-05 deg
peri 195.5239601013308 2.5901e-05 deg
M 260.5170391089885 5.0242e-06 deg
tp 2457340.895550944808
(2015-Nov-14.39555094)
3.0816e-05 JED
period 1959.153573581873
5.36
1.6091e-05
4.405e-08
d
yr
n .1837528230836037 1.5092e-09 deg/d
Q 4.709580278916039 2.5787e-08 AU

Additional Model Parameters
 Parameter Value Uncertainty (1-sigma) 
A1 [EST] 3.96508085666801E-10 6.591E-12
A2 [EST] -3.470155506636871E-11 9.729E-13
A3 [EST] -6.354666924412515E-11 8.328E-12
DT [EST] 39.65389254781676 1.304
  Orbit Determination Parameters
   # obs. used (total)      3084  
   data-arc span      24804 days (67.91 yr)  
   first obs. used      1946-05-01  
   last obs. used      2014-03-29  
   planetary ephem.      DE431  
   SB-pert. ephem.      SB431-BIG16  
   condition code      0  
   fit RMS      .75857  
   data source      ORB  
   producer      Ryan S. Park  
   solution date      2014-May-12 10:58:04  

Additional Information
 Earth MOID = .407695 AU 
 T_jup = 2.964 
[ show covariance matrix ]

Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]

Physical Parameter Table
Parameter Symbol Value Units Sigma Reference Notes
comet total magnitude M1 13.2 mag 1. K1013/9 2 parameter fit from 611 observations, autocmod 2.5c
comet total magnitude slope K1 7.   n/a K1013/9 autocmod 2.5c
diameter diameter 10.6 km n/a Lamy,P.L.;Toth,I.;Fernandez,Y.R.;Weaver,H.A. (2004) Comets II, pp. 223-264  
rotation period rot_per 8.950 h n/a Asteroid Lightcurve DataBase (Rev. 2014-Mar-01) Published Reference List:
[A'Hearn, M.F.; Campins, H.; Schleicher, D.G.; Millis, R.L. (1989) Astrophys. J. 347, 1155-1166.]
[Jewitt, D.; Luu, J. (1989) Astron. J. 97, 1766-1790.]
[Wisniewski, W.Z. (1990) Icarus 86, 52-57.]
[Knight, M.M.; Schleicher, D.;G.; Farnham, T.L.; Schwieterman, E.W.; Christensen, S.R. (2012) Astron. J. 144, A153.]
geometric albedo albedo 0.022   0.006 Earth, Moon, and Planets, v. 89, Issue 1, p. 117-134 (2002) sigma is +0.004 and -0.006

10P/Tempel 2          Discovered 1873-Jul-03 by Tempel, William at Milan, Italy
Reference: comet.disLast Updated: 2003-08-29

[ hide close-approach data ]
Close-Approach Data   ...sorted by Date/Time (TDB)
Date/Time (TDB) Time Uncertainty
(days_HH:MM)
Body Nominal Distance (AU) Minimum Distance (AU) Maximum Distance (AU) V-relative (km/s) V-infinity (km/s) JD (TDB) Time Uncertainty (minutes) Semi-major axis (km) Semi-minor axis (km) range-LOV angle (deg) N-sigma BP Orbit Ref. Reference Modified
1907-Dec-10 16:27 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.28948469726568 1.28944217220019 1.28952722111451 6.59060822182156 6.49017555584118 2417920.185155547 0.744813876880924 378.657202216808 19.0485017572127 3.65920152573103 87690.5682023266 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
1925-Jul-26 20:50 00:01 Earth 0.320033173775283 0.320014195766063 0.320052158907368 7.58195860859674 7.58086044409331 2424358.367790574 1.02449260400846 1509.07357605475 35.8409513046968 -65.2244094123549 682163.75838862 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
1943-Jul-04 15:47 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.631485399340944 0.631482216655028 0.631488582041601 4.46567010893752 4.15446437093032 2430910.157931525 0.857990241267377 23.074120260392 5.95885146496941 -53.0902926823833 955723.70643984 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
1967-Jul-26 09:21 < 00:01 Earth 0.390457370249168 0.390456952376641 0.390457788121013 7.00423925581233 7.00326492156778 2439697.889650251 0.119678526343022 28.8850999897575 21.937980672378 -74.7351214413976 1395753.71032589 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
1990-Dec-28 17:18 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.728899021328073 0.728897863070367 0.728900179584475 4.68513645629092 4.43016803011384 2448254.220933732 0.219257195334789 6.95768563744975 3.14848153853705 -39.6041927677808 1957030.76141778 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
2002-Dec-15 11:39 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.62893464238627 1.62893274200747 1.62893654276363 7.37540875808303 7.3045659145394 2452623.985474206 0.0944264919890136 16.4558527637356 5.07492147769092 -1.2995109810386 1823364.48735572 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
2026-Aug-03 20:57 < 00:01 Earth 0.414479782234683 0.414479269930228 0.41448029455016 6.45895168070906 6.45795632013395 2461256.372906438 0.18973127327425 70.3832698430042 15.0296413761562 73.2576710686018 1984883.44843973 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
2050-May-09 07:49 < 00:01 Jupiter 0.814303231515603 0.814299192236768 0.814307270790838 4.86537373041007 4.64666548300234 2469935.825523921 0.586038912740082 24.1319055502496 9.64102044107981 -30.4730881037716 625556.6314862 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
2062-May-27 11:47 < 00:01 Jupiter 1.00804595615111 1.00804201353653 1.00804989875971 5.17177347246546 5.00666727855715 2474336.991001097 0.74651707174458 19.601708713591 7.46214531996556 2.64347607848059 667250.515385366 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
2109-Dec-22 09:42 00:01 Jupiter 1.96415380440071 1.96414610915255 1.96416149964257 8.26593356361945 8.21359707033636 2491711.904423092 1.43227338082217 139.84455567773 42.5108835764761 0.645958191187513 289049.479309608 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
2121-Sep-01 15:40 00:01 Jupiter 0.608347099187949 0.608345846327208 0.608348352091623 4.03044948322566 3.66876743494637 2495983.152916860 1.21391366000034 16.246840819808 5.23164647478975 71.0156425403702 1106221.99333767 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
2124-Aug-10 13:51 00:09 Earth 0.414088268328681 0.414068255324529 0.414108296979556 5.2563537832009 5.25512949004322 2497057.076912475 8.65998075479164 1939.47848703758 72.0192996106856 60.7280463267036 320091.706561722 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
2169-May-08 18:30 00:06 Jupiter 1.95131181660693 1.95123280330885 1.95139082698692 8.34048108437715 8.28827290267362 2513399.271103477 5.53486636745194 1117.98335547753 63.4259374673733 -3.86768569483267 55448.0460888905 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
2181-Feb-13 23:34 00:03 Jupiter 0.712618661699245 0.712586772415641 0.712650549611553 4.20335748052712 3.91037120417387 2517698.482211971 3.00355432527344 176.9414036202 15.8532177983891 7.51980491409398 71331.7362349497 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02
2199-Aug-05 15:15 00:26 Earth 0.325673158993782 0.325433493167391 0.325913433437185 5.29817575776308 5.29663133095251 2524445.135760307 26.0724345105895 10738.974185021 91.709888012567 -61.9817836757824 201318.650176071 T K1013/9 CATAB v2.0c-linF95 2014-May-12 11:02:04 2014-May-12 11:02

Alternate Designations
 Perihelion 
Year
(est.)
 New-Style 
Desig
Roman
 Numeral 
Year/
 Letter 
 1994.4       1994 VII   
 1989.0       1988 XIV   1987g 
 1983.7       1983 X   1982d 
 1978.3       1978 V   1977d 
 1973.0       1972 X   1972c 
 1967.6       1967 X   1967d 
 1962.2       1962 VI   1961b 
 1956.9       1957 II   1956e 
 1951.5       1951 VIII   1951d 
 1946.1       1946 III   1946b 
 1930.0       1930 VII   1930f 
 1924.7       1925 IV   1925d 
 1919.3       1920 II   1920a 
 1914.0       1915 I   1915c 
 1903.2       1904 III   1904c 
 1897.9       1899 IV   1899c 
 1892.5       1894 III   1894c 
 1876.4   10P/1878 O1   1878 III   1878b 
 1871.0   10P/1873 N1   1873 II   1873b 
Ephemeris | Orbit Diagram | Orbital Elements | Physical Parameters | Discovery Circumstances | Close-Approach Data ]
ABOUT SSD CREDITS/AWARDS PRIVACY/COPYRIGHT GLOSSARY LINKS
FirstGov 2014-Nov-01 04:54 UT
(server date/time)  
NASA Home Page
Site Manager:   Donald K. Yeomans
Webmaster  Alan B. Chamberlin